Conflicting Essays in scholarship which have been the most engaging research job I have ever done. I have also added, over the years, queries about our "dated" geology with their "computerized" confirmations together with climate changes denied since 1963. The Ten-O'clock News have been telling us to change our clocks for DSL and back again BUT no one as noticed it has been changed, more than a few years ago, from March 31 and October 31, to a week or so earlier or even a week or so later.

Sunday, July 30, 2017

Why The 52 Years Became a Reality.

Why The 52-year Cycle Became a Reality

When Spain conquered the New World, the decision was made by the rulers of Spain, because the native population counted only on their fingers and maybe even used their toes there was no way they knew what a 360-day year was or when a 365-day year evolved. Only the glorious ancient Roman ruler, Julius Caesar, was supposedly capable of re-adjusting the stars by mandating a longer year of 445-days in the first century, so the seasons would realign with European farming methods.

The whole of both Americas, supposedly was only inhabited by primitive natives?  The Trecena was taken from three sections of four circles within small triangles [Green] directly under three fire glyphs {Orange] of the two serpents on the stone.The large star between the four circles probably was meant to be a knot on the cords of a single year  [Brown].  So the 52-year cycle was a decision made for the strange stone calendar age 676-years and was thought to be very appropriate..
                   
        
                           His wife, of the great waves of water


The extra number of the Trecena, the 13th at the end of the count, is only a repetition of the very first. It is for the continuation of the first twelve numbers and it is called in computer programming, a "loop command.".

The second number of the count is necessary  the first milpa of a native to be planted. The land should lie fallow until it can assimilate the nutrients necessary for another good harvest of maize. The other two years [#5 and #9] follow the same three year cycle with each new revolution of the Trecena which is based upon a farm schedule called in northern Europe, a Swidden Agricultural cycle.

The process called Swinden did not begin until the IXth century AD during the Classic Maya period. According to Karle Taube in [1983,7] in his paper titled "The Classic Maya Maize God: A Reappraisal"  [In  Fifth Round Table, Pre-Columbian Art. Ed.: Merle Greene [1985, 171-181], San Francisco, California.]                                

The raw question is "Why would farmers who always followed the stars to plant, and reap their crops ever considered a 52-year cycle, when they lived in a 52-week, 360-day world before a major disaster struck the land?

As a theoretical question, it tells us that the formulae for computing the calendar glyphs are done in a manner which does not honor the agricultural time scale of the Trecena. This could be compared to our common almanac for farmers.The Aztec version with weekly corrections can also be found in the Madrid Serpent pages but only, as the stripped down work schedule without the two days extra of the week end.

The Madrid was set up to read the Ik, Manik, Eb, Caban sequence with insertions of 19 days of 4 days per week between each of the four Trecena markers across. It was the across set, beginning with IMIX., Thus, the first day of the new month called 0 POP in 1583 by church 'mandate', [whatever that was during the Inquisition] so that the  sequence across the 360 days failed to create 52 weeks. and made it impossible to insert the extra five days after the catastrophe.

The church effort to align the Mesoamerican Calendar is illustrated in front and the back of the Serpent pages  to be the very first day of the year. As can be seen on the last page of the Serpent sequence ,[M-12  to M-18] the effort to create such a pattern failed miserably. It failed mostly because no month names had never been named in the Trecena calendar until, the Church decided that such names would assist researchers later to compare the two systems. As it is stated in, The Book of the Years by Edmonson stated:

"Mixtec Month Names remain linguistically' undocumented." (1968, 211)

It may have because there never were any month names ]just god festival names [similar to our December festival  named is Christmas..etc.] before that time in the Mesoamerican calendars.  0 POP began on July 26 of the European year while IMIX was taken from the same data of February 8, 1583.  IK, EB, Caban, Manik was no longer valid.

This sequence now reads downwards the same way.  Both across and down weeks revolved individually just as the lemons and cherries on the One-armed Bandits of Gambling halls in Reno, Las Vegas and Atlantic City. Only the vertical Trecena was more sedate. It only changed in proper sequence from year one to year three.

The Trecena count  was reported by Jose Castillo-Torre who claimed he used the Imperial version: IK, MANIK, EB, CABAN. Guatemala was the first to alter the original count which is:  IK, EB. CABAN, MANIK.

Since Guatemala's version is just a dislocated version of the assumed Imperial version and the Madrid Serpent Pages, without the IMIX, I feel that the series starting with IK is a correct ancient version.

The Maya version is  [as an English transcription]:  HOUSE. RABBIT, REED, and FLINT.

Landa's version is far off base, but it may have been the one used in the Yucatan. I doubt it though, since the Madrid Serpent pages do combine to make a 360-day; 52-week year. It only failed when it attempted to add the IMIX and the extra "dead" days.  The Borgia Codex count succeeded because it isolated the 260-day count of the Trecena in the middle of the 364 + 1.  It inferred that the top and bottom rows were the Saturday and Sunday of our common calendar.

Landa's version was: AKBAL, LAMAT, BEN,  ET'ZAB.  No matter which is being used, there is little done with the "Year-Bearer"s except with the Mixtec translations by John Pohl and Robert Williams. They worked out the years with the 13 count for each of the 20 days and years for each of the Mixtec Codices that are available.

By doing the Trecena with each group of 20-days, it makes an uneven count throughout the centuries, which probably was what Rome determined was proper at the time. with such a strange way of counting, there would be no conflict between European dates and Mesoamerican attempts at correlating the calendar with Eurasian dates.

The Madrid, if followed horizontally across the seven pages [M-12 to M-18], one can read the Trecena in the manner that it was used for Swidden farming; by leaving off the Saturday and Sunday, days of interaction with the Maya communities. It can be seen that each and every column of 20 day names rotate individually just as the One-armed Bandit" slot machines in gambling.


Conclusion

This allows for every day of the three years necessary to plant harvest and rejuvenate the soil and it is completely different from one year to the next. In this way, for the whole three years, a farmer is able to determine what he has to do with each of his three fields, when they are rotated correctly.

If one accepts the 364+ 1 days of our current 365-day year, while the center of the Borgia which give the Trecena count over eight pages, just like the Serpent pages of the Madrid. Saturdays and Sundays are festival days which should be considered as community celebrations.

The 52-year cycle was and still is a computer calculation. When the 676 was divided by 13 x 4 then the answer was 52. Hence, the Trecena became a yearly item. THE 3-year
SWIDDEN “SLASH AND BURN” CYCLE OF THE Madrid Codex WAS IGNORED.

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