Essays: Stars of Tamoanchan

Conflicting Essays in scholarship which have been the most engaging research job I have ever done. I have also added, over the years, queries about our "dated" geology with their "computerized" confirmations together with climate changes denied since 1963. The Ten-O'clock News have been telling us to change our clocks for DSL and back again BUT no one as noticed it has been changed, more than a few years ago, from March 31 and October 31, to a week or so earlier or even a week or so later.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Four Glyphs from Old Chichen

Four glyphs are not too hard to remember, once I had written out what I saw:
So bear with me a bit.

Old Chichen flyphs in the IMS  notice that came through June, 21-2, 2017 from Jim was a very informative glyph set about the arrival of a double comet.  Just four glyphs can be more informative than a whole page if one is aware of the Popol Vuh astronomy story, painted with a broad brush of the adventures of Seven Macaw, the Twins, and the people of the god Tohil. A great book to read.
Four Glyphs that may be read this way

The first glyph of the Old Chichen glyph set was a big wind on the left of the Earth glyph.

[If you do not know what comes first when a comet arrives too close to earth:
Check out the one that hit Washington, Oregon and South Canada
in 2008. It was a big roaring wind that came first, then the brilliance of the comet
and the rumbling of the ground;. Repeated again in 2013 in Lake Chebarkul, Russia
The wind knocked out windows and people standing near the glass did get hurt.
And if still not convinced, try the mini-comet that hit Lake Tagus in Canada photographed
by an amateur with sound as he made a video of the comet tail as it split in two.]

In the right column, the Second was illustrated as a double-faced monkey god,
one with mouth wide open [in shock?]  the other stuck to the back of the first MK
showed a second larger cleaned-up glyph of a new Monkey King  north-star version.

This happened when the big stones fell and the open mouthed MK was kicked out of
the North Star directional spot by the sudden "[rocking] of the earth to and fro"
The Hopi Native American tribe recorded it as the Ninth prophecy but
the Chilam Balam of the Chumayel also recorded it as a historical statement.

At the bottom left of the four glyphs; the third glyph shows a fat "venus"
glyph open to the left and two glyphs to the right of the "v' glyph:
one on top of the other. The top was the worm from the Land of the Dead that sent the double comets as two star circles in a "v" glyph frame to the Earth (the last part of that glyph set.

The last glyph of the four. showed a bright sun glyph  held in several tree branches
 (the Tree of the world [but also called the Tree of the Beautiful Rose in the Codex Ramirez] as the "The History of the Mexicans as told by their Paintings."  The Nuttall Codex also shows the same sun in a tree. . . .

[]I remember it [MIGHT be page 47]. in the left edge of the top row on that page.
In the Borgia Codex and others, the new Milky Way on the other side of the world, was called the Tree of the Warrior.) which according to many myths was new because of our very new 23.5 degree slant above and 23.5 deg. slant below the Equator. which added 5-days  to our original 360-day year.  It created our identifiable Tropic of Cancer (north) to the Tropic of Capricorn in the south. Both areas indicated that we actually have a 47 degree shift from the old North Star.]

The Wurzburger Museum in Germany has a stone peg-board with exactly 30-day work weeks for a complete year. 15 days on one side at the bottom and 15 days on the right side.

[The peg board can be found in G. Sesti's book The Glorious Constellations. about page 62. Just in case   I misspelled the name of the city museum The peg board at the top shows the different planets known at the time and under those icons are different gods of different months.  All have a peg hole so that the year can be completed just like our modern Santa Claus Days Before Christmas picture board with doors or windows to open each day. It was recorded then that Julius Caesar created a long year of 445 days to put farming back into proper star time.]

Glyphs are to be spelled via Landa's alphabet, the same way his example showed: It is to be used with foreign language words, not the stelae or the monumental wall panels. Even Linda Schele tried to tell most of you the process, but when one or two words were translated correctly with Landa's alphabet, no one considered a picture story any longer. Everything had to be properly spelled out as in european alphabets.

So do you best "to see" the story before you attempt to spell a glyph. It has been there for years.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Numbers in the Sun Stone

INAH's drawing of the Sun Stone

Why go into the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar? For the best reason in the world. [One segment only is located below).  Five day names of the week as a corrected number of days per week; Ten squares for another 10 days creating the correct 15 days which is half of a 30-day month. Five 4-day columns only for milpa maintenance per a 5-day week as in the horizontal Trecena. The extra day is a "day of rest." Please note the bundle (brown) ties the five monthly rotating 4-day week  columns in each quarter of the Sun Stone calendar are necessary days for maintaining the milpa; in other words: The Trecena pattern.

There are 4-day columns of 3-year units rotating during each  of the 52-weeks in a common year [even with extra 5.25 day added] to the day counts. Each column rotates in the same manner that the vertical Trecena uses.

One can find the correct method for the horizontal method in the Madrid Codex in its Serpent calendar pages [M-12 to M-18].   Once you realize that all twenty days have to be settled into a five week span, beginning with IK then put in the second named unit MANIK of the four year count; [i.e.: IK, Manik, Eb, Caban]. your month spans should start with IK and end with Ahaw after each four units are completed with its twenty days. The third section would be started with EB with its twenty days. hommom.

Why go into the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar? For the best reason in the world.; It also contains the full story of the arrival of two comets: one of the Night and one for the Day. Glyphs are always meant to be read. Yet, at most, students are contents to translate the more difficult to decode items with de Landa's spelling rules, even though there are usually easier to read basic components.

The weird system is the Four Ages of the Sun (here one segment only).  Five day names of the week as a corrected number of days per week; Ten squares another 10 days. Five 4-day columns were only for farming time per week as in the horizontal Trecena; the knotted bundle tying each of the five monthly 4-day week rotating day columns of each  quarter  of the Sun Stone calendar; in other words:

There are many 3-year units rotating each week of the 52 in a common year (ever with after 5.25 day-columns. Each column rotates in the same manner that the vertical Trecena does. Each column uses the style and form of the "One-armed Bandits" in gambling establishments except that the 52 weeks are not free rotating. They must follow the vertical and the horizontal counts exactly.

Its arachaeastronomy-omens are brought down to common nominators like numbers found in the Codex Ramirez as  the 1883 paper The History of the Mexicans through their Paintings.

1 Central unit = Coatlicue
3 Ages of the Sun
 a EhecatL -  Wind,= 676 days/yrs;
   (b [1/2] Tlaloc   Fire  Rains = 364 +)  
   (c  [2/2] Chalchuitlque  Water 314 = 676 days/yrs  
  c Ocelotl   Caves, Cats, Hunger = 676 days/yrs

I attended a lecture on the Aztec Sun Stone recently.  An observant student who attended ask a question about the tiny circles of squares and points circling the stone between the compass points. She was told they did not mean anything; they were only there to fill the spaces. Hm.m.m
Chalchuitlque, Wife of Tlaloc, Second half of Third AgeSun of Water, 2/2= 324 days

I had to think about that answer for a while. When I thought I knew what it was, I did a count of the four different Ages, then the tiny squares, and then, the Trecena count of 12.  No, that is not a mistake, it is only necessary for a 12 count because there are only three 4's for one harvest and then there are two years needed to bring back the nutriants needed to repair the depleted soil after the first year of a good harvest. During the second year the land must lay fallow and the third was "slashed" and "burned." [This is a Norse/Saxon method of farming called "svithinn." Karle Taube mentioned it in one of his earlier papers.]

The number 13 that which computer programming call a "continuous loop." The vertical Trecena can go on for centuries in groups of three years using the 13th number of the Trecena for looping the pattern as many years as was necessary.

I chose to color the above segment of the calendar stone because it was one of the two truncated, by  the two comet gods iconography. It truncated the ten square units [no color] after the five day names which together equaled the number 15. Just above the square units of ten, are three specifically "bundled" units of four [green] arrowheads separated by an "A" unit and a possible temple glyph.

Underneath the pointed units of four, there is a knotted "bundling" cord [brown] and under that is the [blue[ set of 5 loops. Over all are the [orange] flames of the burning serpentine comets as  the two circled the known world.

Once Rome decided in 1583 to add February 8th date as IMIX to the beginning of the count, as found in the Madrid Codex, it made a blithering mess at the end of the 52 proposed weeks, leaving 8 empty glyph blanks ready to accept the 5 extra days. It was an unnecessary step, since 1.015 degrees has already been added to each 360-day.

One can still use the correct method simply by omitting the IMIX from the horizontal method so the end result at 52 weeks will end in AHAU, even in the Madrid , using its Serpent calendar pages [M-12 to M-18].

One other item I remember wss by Fianlly, I found a decent explanation from 1956 about the “Distance Numbers” for the Maya Calendar system
“Let us permit our  calendar year to gain
ron the true year as fast as it will.
We will allow our calendar to function without change.

But when we erect a monument,
we will engrave n it,
 In addition to the official calendar date of its dedication,
A calendar correction for that particular date.”
                                                                 [Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  (1956) The Ancient Maya,
Wonder Books: Frederick, MD,  3rd Edition, (Revised by George Brainerd),  Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, CA, USA]


[As an afterthought:  I finally figured out the 60 year cycle of the Chinese Calendar thanks to the above five day names per quarter of a year. I had thought it was much too complex for me to assimilate, but it works fine using the five day names under the guise of Air, Water, Wood, Metal and Central.]

Thursday, June 8, 2017

Acid Rains and Rising Oceans

Acid rain has been a problem every since cloud seeding for rain has been used in California and other towns including here in Austin Texas.

Cloud seeding is pretty high up in the sky. And when a jet stream lowers itself under 45,0000 feet (Ice making area of clouds) it sweeps the cloud seeds (chemical ones) over the land into Mississippi and further eastwards.
When that rain falls, it is not in California, nor in Texas but wherever the Jet stream drifts as it creates more clouds on the.way.  Producing horrible rain storms  even in European Alps. Or hasn't anyone been reading the weather reports for the last several years? The acid rains are also decimating the ocean reefs and producing so many sink holes in Florida they just raise the prices for building that will not last if the acid water chews up any more coral rock under the cities of Florida.

As for Oceans rising?  Get rid of those jetties that are isolating hotel  beaches or future tourist spots into the ocean. The destruction in Tapachula Mexico' t (80 miles away frnd Ri
sing oceansom the city) wiped also the extensive beach fronts but also beachfront homes,and the beautiful modern roads to those homes that no longer exist except in the memory of the young woman who used to play on the beaches there. Having seen what the jetty destroyed and returning to the states and then find out that hotels I used to work at on Miami Beach got flooded and had to be evacuated, while in Miami proper, street cafes have to build sea walls around their out door venues . . .. . drinking water is getting harder to supply, even Flagler Street was flooded to where people were actually canoeing down  the street in town.
Get with the facts of what is being done. .  l other that directly with the climate.  There is more, especially for the airports. The Tampa Tribune told us in 2007 that the asimuths on incoming runways had to be changed 10 degrees. A comment for that article stated that the military airports have been doing that since 1982.
I fugure the reporter got fired for even getting the information.  But climate changing planet by shifting away from North  has not stopped!

D. M. Urquidi


Thursday, June 1, 2017

Glass in Incan Lands

Incan Glass Stonework

On May 12 2017, I was browsing the web and found this article on WordPress. “Evidence of Vitrified Stonework in the Inca Vestiges of Peru. by Jan Peter de Jong & Christopher Jordan The language of the article is very professional and has words I never read before.

“Vitrified stones are simply stones that have been melted to a point where they form a glass or glaze. There is much debate in archaeological circles over the ancient examples under study for two reasons. Firstly, few cases are known to have been tested and even if they have, there are many questions over how they were made.

Glassy rocks form naturally under conditions of high temperature and pressures found in and around volcanoes. Glass or glazes are traditionally created using a furnace. Furnace or kiln examples are found on everyday objects such as glassware and ceramics. The ceramics glazes are created by pasting certain finely crushed stones, sometimes with tinctures, onto fired pots and plates. The whole is then fired to temperatures usually in excess of 1000 degrees centigrade".

Glass erratic facings on stone walls and buildings in Peru are considered to be impossibly accomplished by normal means. The heat level needed is quoted as being 1000 degrees centigrade, which is even higher than our Fahrenheit degrees. It is more likely to be Kelvin degrees in our vernacular.

Kelvin has been assumed only to melt steel, but it can also create a shiny glass-like glass on decorative bricks. So if it is possible with bricks, why are the stones of Peru so strange? The reason is that many of the stones were used in situ. . . . a wall was "sort of carved out" of a boulder  so that  the
boulder appeared to have been set in place in such a way a knife blade no matter how fine could not be placed between the stones of the wall,

As usual, mythic animals and miraculous events are very seldom considered when geology or geography dissertations are presented.  As a professor told me in no uncertain terms "If you do not write it the way I want it, you will get an "F" as a grade." Of course, it took about 35 more years more to get to that point. And I was not and am not unhappy with the results.

The myth that came to mind  when I read the paper was one that I had researched a long time ago. Before I knew very much.  I was coming to terms with the Hawaiian myth of the Kelvin heated stones falling from the sky into the Pacific Ocean.  When they reached the water, they bounced in and out of the water, like hot grease bounces out of the frying pan when bacon is being cooked. Hot grease will burn the cook; the wall behind the stove; the floor and any other place it can reach as it bounces.

The best mythic description of such a fall-out into the ocean can be found in Melville, L. called The Children of the Rainbow. It was reported the natives saw this event from canoes and out-riggers. But, it is highly unlikely. Such a fall-out, one that violent, would have created a huge tsunami putting even the stable out-riggers in grave danger.

I tried to imagine what would happen if, as the fragments flew so fast, would it meet the curvature of the earth in transit. About that time, an article about such a spin appeared in Sky  & Telescope magazine  about strange grooves in the earth on the pampas of Argentina.

The  grooves as seen from the air, appeared to be done by a child "skipping stones over  "water," [of a creek]. there were gouges side-by-side all pointing southwest instead of northeast as normal comets do.

It was similar to the one that fell into Lake Texcoco from the Caribbean Sea and bounced backwardsinto the lake. It became known as Huitzilipochtl. The moment he was born, he fought Coyolxauhque, his sister and brothers the stars to keep them from killing Coatlique their mother. Huitzilipochtl, born in the Hill of the Serpents competed with Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl for the important actions each had taken.

Quetzalcoatl was a major contender because he had become a destroyer of the land. Huitzilopochtli carried them away from the Seven Caves where he had protected them into a land mostly of safety, water and finally prosperity. So the emperors honored Huitzilipochtli by wearing his colors and his symbols during their coronation ceremonies. Joyce Marcus gave complete reference in her book about the Maya Script and culture.

The largest chunks sped to the southwestern Argentinian Pampas, “skipping over the earth  "like pebbles skipping in a pond" [westward due to the curvature and the altered spin of earth, south of the equator.]” The smaller ones flew into the North Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, to the mainland of Mexico.

An unknown quantity of those blazing fragments that fell into the Atlantic Ocean would have quickly exploded out of the waters of the Atlantic Deep. The smaller broken pieces because of less weight would have sped faster and farther than expected. They would have followed the curvature of the earth with some strange backward results.

Peru recorded such a drop. Only this one also passed westward through the mountain of Pachatusan in the Andes, then dropped into Lake Quibipay. It was thought a fiery monster had come through the mountain pass. This beast, who took this back road to Peru, was described as:

“a half a league long and thick, and two and a half fathoms in width and came by Yuncaypampa and Cinca, and from there it entered the Lake [of] Quibipay. Then two sacacas of fire came out of Asoncata; [one] came out of Asoncata, and [one] passed Pontina [mountain] of Arequipa, and yet another came down to and passing Guamanca”—-where animals with ears and fangs and whiskers, and with wings, spines like a fish, and ears, and tails and four feet on top of their backs; many appeared to them [to be] all fire.”

Now if the above fireball came through the mountain pass and dropped into Lake Quibipay, would that not be hot enough  [Kelvin degrees over 1000 degrees]: The stellar heat of these fragments was a thousand times hotter (as Kelvin) than the ocean temperature (as Fahrenheit or Celsius). As the waters boiled and erupted, meteorite fragments shattered and flew over a large area, (just as hot grease in a frying pan).

The largest chunks sped to the southwestern Argentinian Pampas, “skipping over the earth  "like pebbles skipping in a pond" [westward due to the curvature and the altered spin of earth, south of the equator.]” The smaller ones flew into the North Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, to the mainland of Mexico.
Peru also recorded such a drop. Only this one "passed westward through the mountain pass of Pachatusan in the Andes, then dropped into Lake Quibipay." It was thought a fiery monster had come through the mountain pass. This beast was never a dragon or a beast of the mountains. It was the hottest fireball ever seen so low on the horizon. Would such a fiery ball be able to scorch and melt into glassy surface so many sundry stones and walls along the way?

Cobo, Bernabé Rek= (1611-1639) [d 1657] Relacion of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru.

de JongJan Peter  & Jordan Christopher, (2017) “Evidence of Vitrified Stonework in the Inca Vestiges of Peru." In WordPress of the World Wide Web, [May]

Leinani Melville, (1969) The Children of the Rainbow. [A book about Hawaii and its origins.]

Marcus, Joyce. (1992). Mesoamerican Writing Systems: Propaganda, Myth, and History in Four Ancient Civilizations.  First Edition, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Schultz,  P. H. (1992) Teardrops on the Pampas.  Sky  & Telescope.  April. 

Friday, May 12, 2017

Elotepec: The Mountain of God

Add Elotepec: Lost Territory or an Accurate Trajectory
in the Arc of the "Crescent Moon"
(RGS 3:15-51?) Relación Geográfica map of Teozacoalco) The map Teozacoalco map give us a record of the boundary revision by using two sets of boundaries; one from before and one from after Elotepec was its subject. Appearing on the same inscribed circle as Teozacoalco’s other boundaries are nine logographs naming its new boundaries with Elotepec. The old boundaries that embraced Elotepec’s territory are added along an arc that rises like a crescent moon from the main circle.

     Why would this artist felt compelled to include two sets of boundaries, one of them old and inoperable on this map? It seems likely that an earlier map, made while Elotepec [Mountain of God] was still under Teozacoalco’s domain, initially showed one set of boundaries. After Elotepec was reassigned Teozacoalco’s cabildo revised its map by adding in the new boundary line. When the Relación Geográfica’s mapmaker made his map, he simply copied the two sets of boundaries that appeared on the earlier map.[1]

The above quote was information I acquired about the Mixtec Teozacoalco Map. I had learned about it the the manner stated above and never looked at it since 1997 when I had made an 8.5 X 11" color copy of it and put it into my files. It was such an ugly map that I thought little of it.

In Mar 23, 2013, I was searching for other information and happened upon the full version of the map I had copied. I was shocked. I saw and understood the archaeoastronomy message that it carried. By writing it out, and trying to determine what some of the glyphs meant, I also encountered a familiar name glyph: Three Dog. It connected to the Christmas festival of Rabanos [Radishes] in the year 2007. Also about an astronomy event. . . .
Three Dog on his path to where
the Stars are seen upside down

That fits perfectly into the Mixtec Crescent arc over the map of Teozacoalco; especially since the Mountains of God are included at the end of the arc; about to be cut apart by an axe from the sky.
Three Dog was the astronomer student who went to Observation hill on Sandy River where the stars could be seen upside down.

Basically, he went because his parents wanted an oracle/astronomer/astrologer who could aid them in their new kingdom with correct prophecies from the stars. He learned how to triangulate the stars so he could pinpoint a good location for a temple or for a palace. Such things work out well when the astronomer can be trusted. These last two paragraphs are my imagination and nothing more.since I have never been a ruler or a queen.

How long have the Mixtec people known about the story of Three Dog? How many scholars have questioned the Mixtec about what they knew about Three Dog and where he went? Someone or many Mixtec natives know the story very well, or it would never have been in the Festival of the Radishes in 2007.

The very fact that the dog was placed in front of the Maize God is important. It is quite possible that he was born after the birth of the Maize God. And it was his parents that began the reconstruction of the cities Apoala and Tilantongo while Three Dog was learning his craft on Observation HIll at Sandy RIver.

The reconstruction of many cities are in the Codex Vindobonenses. Was it after the Blue Star Man and his companion the white winter person made it possible to rebuild? Ie.: Colder weather, but not freezing weather, was more comfortable to work with the building materials.


Now is the time to evaluate the astronomy of the arc, and not the lost territory theory.

What Can Be Seen Attached to the Crescent Arc?
A cradle
A bright "sun"
Cancer, a Constellation
Gemini, another Constellations
The Milky Way: A river of star

A bright star in Lyra over Vega
A Tree growing and barely reaching the Crescent Arc
Orion, a Constellation [on a pedestal ?]
An axe falling on a double peaked mountain
A vague circle, may be the Moon
The end of the Crescent Arc. showing a dark element

Going Backward On the Map Edge
An animal with a curled tail
A name glyph for Three Dog
A dead serpent Draco, around the small tree reaching up behind Orion
Ophiuchus next to the Milky Way
Two unknown constellations to the left of the Milky Way
The Cradle where it all started.
To start with the Cradle under the "Sun"
If the left of the map is the northwest corner of the map
it CANNOT be the SUN
ONLY comets are born in the northwest: in the Land of the Dead
A case in point:
The God of  Death:
First view of the Venus Glyph
with two raucous star/comets leaving
the Land of the Dead [West]
as a single-shaft double-spear of light.
The axe was one of the most important stones that fell from the sky on the map of
Teozacoalco. Did Three Dog see the event, or did he hear about it?

[1] Mundy. Barbara E. (1996) The Mapping of New Spain: Indigenous Cartography and the Maps of the RE. , (1996) Relaciones Geográficas. University of Chicago Press.

[2] Raisz, Erwin (1964) Land Forms of Mexico

Friday, April 28, 2017

A 52-year Cycle?

Why a Fifty-Two Year Cycle?  

In Aztec, the names of the double comet are: Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl, the celestial dog who fell to earth to allow the "Sun" (Quetzalcoatl) to live. [In Maya myth, the Sovereign Serpent was mentioned before the Creator Father/Mother. yet, long after the vain appraisal of importance by Seven Macaw.
The Maya had their story of the event as the Twins, Hunahpú and Xbalenqué is an assumption that the Aztecs, began ruling other areas of the Maya, i.e. Tikal, El Zotz, Kaminaljuyu, Copan, etc, and the "Sovereign Serpent" had to replace the original Maya myth [with a reference to the Aztec version of Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl] for political reasons.

The Maya went one step farther. They created Seven Macaw as the pre-comet event, to explain why Quetzalcoatl became a rainbow serpent with the loss of his metallic eye decorations. Izapa Stela 22 and Stela 67, show before and after the arrival of the rainbow, The rainbow information seems to have come from Peru, where the rainbow had a complete room in the temple dedicated to it alone. The two-headed serpent who held up the boat of the snaggle-toothed god, but, the serpents were attached to a belt and pointing downward as the golden god of Peru, which I show here as a constellation. [yet the belt is the boat the hanging serpents are holding down; on the same boat of both Izapa stelae]

The route of this information came through the village of Kaminaljuyu. An iconic carving of a monkey-man with rainbow glyphs on his extremities, and a double-headed serpent held coiled overhead, seems to incorporate all elements of the disaster of the serpent/comet and the arrival of a rainbow element as the tale moved northward into the Maya area.

At no time, are any of the glyphs or pictures the exact same shape as drawn by the original artist in Peru, It is all well and good to trace exact variants within similar stelae in a specific area, but when the distance gets longer, the art work changes drastically.

Here one can re-evaulate the 52 year Cycle based on the Trecena 13, without understanding why the Trecena was actually used. The calculation used for the 52-year cycle is: 676 divided by 13 equals 52. 

Since the Trecena is an agricultural number and not associated with the arrival of the two comets, [on of night and the other of the day]. The calculation, as stated above, was used by an early anthropologist as "676 divided by 13 equals 52." It was a great guess. It had another purpose----one found in the Madrid Codex with the Serpent calendar pages, since proven to be highly inaccurate.

 In section[s] of those pages, the serpent[s] face backward. And each of the backward serpents have something to do with the comet arrivals; All are facing towards the left with halved figures, on the left side of the page, with the rest of the god on the right side of the previous page. This is a clear indication that the Codex was to be read to the left. Since even the Chinese once read their characters to the left, this is not a problem for any culture if they chose to do the same.

The Madrid did not finish the calendar because it could not (with four days per week) created 52 weeks for that series of days. In the last IMIX and IK columns near the very end of the calendar.. The artist failed to create the 52 weeks with the 5.25 extra days in the 365-day year. It just would not work out, either with the IMIX or with the IK as the first glyph of the "Trecena." Even the stars refused to set themselves in their old places in the sky.
The proof of a correct 52-year cycle came when the expected arrival of the comet in 2012 did not materialize. Actually, it had already come in 2008. It lit up Mount Rainier like a Christmas Tree. The children ran to their parents thinking that T-Rex was stomping around outside; the earth seemed to be trembling and the noise was like the "movie roars" of T-Rex. [Parents groggy with sleep thought they had slept through their alarm clocks and now were late for work: at least until they turned on the TV or radio and found out it was only a meteorite rushing across the sky.]

However, there is a great problem with the division presented above.  The 52 is designated as a group of years. Yet, the Eurasian agricultural world knows that food is produced on a yearly basis, beginning with spring, summer, autumn and winter. They followed the stars during those seasons and had crops every year----celebrating a good harvest with new clothing and new implements for their farm. Some people even built new homes during the winter season, if it was not too cold.

Why The 52-year Cycle Became a Reality

When Spain conquered the New World, the decision was made by the rulers of Spain, because the native population counted only on their fingers and maybe even used their toes there was no way they knew what a 360-day year was or when a 365-day year evolved. Only the glorious ancient Roman ruler, Julius Caesar, was supposedly capable of re-adjusting the stars by mandating a longer year of 445-days in the first century, so the seasons would realign with European farming methods.

The whole of both Americas, supposedly was only inhabited by primitive natives.  The Trecena was taken from the three sections of four circles within small triangles [Green] directly under three fire glyphs {Orange] of the two serpents on the stone.The large star between the four circles probably was meant to be a knot on the cords of a single year  [Brown].  So the 52-year cycle was a decision made for the strange stone calendar age 676-years and was thought to be very appropriate..
                            His wife, of the great waves of water

The extra number of the Trecena,  the 13th at the end of the count, is only a repetition of the very first. It is for the continuation of the first twelve numbers and it it called in computer programming, a loop command. 

The second number of the count is necessary after the first milpa so the land should lie fallow until it can assimmilate the nutrients necessary for another good harvest  of maize. The other two years [#5 and #9] follow the same three year cycle with each new revolution of the Trecena which is based upon a farm schedule called in northern Europe, a Swidden Agricultural cycle.

The process called Swinden did not begin until the IXth century AD during the Classic Maya period. According to Karle Taube in [1983,7] in his paper titled "The Classic Maya Maize God: A Reappraisal"  [In  Fifth Round Table, Pre-Columbian Art. Ed.: Merle Greene [1985, 171-181], San Francisco, California.]                                

The raw question is "Why would farmers who always followed the stars to plant, and reap their crops ever consider a 52-year cycle, when they lived in a 52-week, 360-day world? before a major disaster struck the land.

As a theoretical question, it tells us that the formulae for computing the calendar glyphs are done in a manner which does not honor the agricultural time scale of the Trecena. The corrections can be found in the Madrid Serpent pages,  The Madrid was set up to read the Ik, Manik, Eb, Caban sequence with insertions of 19 days of 4 days per week between each of the four Trecena markers across. It was the across set, that was started in 1583 by church mandate, [whatever that was during the Inquisition] so that the across sequence failed to create 52 weeks. 

The church effort to align the mesoamerican calendar system with the european meant that 0 POP was designated as the first month of the year. IMIX was added in front of the Serpent pages  [M-12] to be the very first day of the year. As can be seen on the last page of the Serpent sequence ,[M-18] the effort to create such a pattern failed miserable. It failed mostly because no month names had ever been given, the Church decided that such names would assist researchers later to compare the two systems. As it is, The Book of the Years by Edmonson stated:

"Mixtec Month Names remain linguistically' undocumented." (1968, 211)

It may have been because there never were any months before that time in the mesoamerican calendars.  0 POP began on  July 26 of the european year but IMIX  was taken from the european date of February 8, 1583. kK, EB, Caban, Manik.

The same sequence read downwards the same way.  Both across and down weeks revolved indiviually just as the lemons and cherries on the One-armed Bandits of Gambling halls in Reno, Las Vegas and Atlantic City.  Only the vertical Trecena was more sedate. It only changed in proper sequence  from country to country:

The Trecena count  was reported by Jose Castilo-Torre who claimed he used the Imperial version: IK, MANIK, EB, CABAN. Guatemala was the first to alter the original count which is:  IK, EB. CABAN, MANIK. 

Since Guatamala's version is just a dislocated version of the assumed Imperial version and the Madrid Serpent Pages, without the IMIX, I feel that the series starting with IK is a correct ancient version.

 The Maya version is  an English transcription:  HOUSE. RABBIT, REED, and FLINT.

Landa's version is far off base, but it may have been the one used in the Yucatan. I doubt it though since the Madrid Serpent pages do combine to make a 360-day; 52-week year. It only failed when it attempted to add the IMIX and the extra "dead" days.  The Borgia Codex count succeeded because ot isolated the 260-day count of the Trecena in the middle of the 364 + 1.  It inferred that the top and bottom rows were the Saturday and Sunday of our common calendar.

Landa's version was: AKBAL, LAMAT, BEN,  Et'ZAB.  No matter which is being used, there is little done with the "Year-Bearer"s except with the Mixtec translations by John Pohl and Robert Williams.
They worked out the years with the 13 count for each of the 20 days and did years for each of the Mixtec Codices that are available.

By doing the Trecena with each group of 20-days, it makes an uneven count throughout the centuries, which probably was what Rome determined was proper at the time. That way there would be no conflict between European dates and Mesoamerican attempts at correlating the calendar with Eurasian dates.

The Madrid, if followed horizontally across the seven pages [M-12 to M-18], one can read the Trecena in the manner that it was used for Swidden farming; by leaving off the Saturday and Sunday, days of interaction with the Maya communities. It can be seen that each and every column of 20 day names rotate individually just as the One-armed Bandit" slot machines in gambling.

This allows for every day of the three years necessary to plant harvest and rejuvenate the soil is  completely different from one year to the next. In this way, for the whole three years, a farmer is able  to determine what he has to do with each of his three fields, even when they are rotate correctly.

If one needs to know the 364+ 1 days of the current 365-day year, the center of the page will give the Trecena count over eight pages, just like the Serpent pages of the Madrid. Saturdays and Sundays are festival days to be considered as community action.

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Florida IS Sinking back into the Swamp Lands It Once Was.

Just got off a Florida page and found many people attempting to correct the Miami and Miami Beach images in City efforts to save all Florida tourist havens, as far north and west as possible. What from? Why from the increasingly frequent flooding of the east, south and west shorelines.

The complaint is that it is only Climate Change that is doing the damage. That would be nice. However, Climate Change is a much slower process. What is happening then, in Miami and in Miami Beach and other Floridia cities, gradually being inundated area?  It is that the builders who are Northeran Snowbirds are positively sure that bigger and better buildings in the more popular areas are the things to create for other affluent people who can afford outrageous prices for condos which MIGHT be destroyed by Climate Change shortly.  Such building are still being built in Miami. Some older ones need certain adjustments to offset the inconvience of water incursions.

Make the areas look like New York City; or Austin, Texas; or cities in Los Angeles/Hollywood areas of mansions and pools. [H.m.m.m California seems to be sliding into the Pacific, just about the same way that Florida is sliding into the Atlantic.]

The difference between the two coast lines is that California has mountains and cliffs that are eroding due to massive, expensive showcase homes built on eroding cliff sides.  On the other coast, Florida is becoming the New York City of the south.

What architect in his right mind would build tall very expensive hotels and condominiums in a swamp? If even one of them, would go back and read about the Barefoot Mailman, who made the trek along the coast of  Florida in the early years of Mr. Flagler and his railroad; he, or even a she, would find that the poor main carrier was constantly facing swamps and gators;  lots of slimy soil. and difficult to walk on sand.

In the beginning, the houses on the coast were small homes, one story with proper hurricane shutters. Now, the builders for the small homes are touting sealed windows, electricity and air conditioning so that owners could weather out a hurricane while watching their television with chips and dips; at least until the roofs would be whipped away by hurricane winds.

Architects of the area schools dreamed of patios made with lots of screens against mosquitoes. Hurricane shutters that let in the air without letting in the rains and the wind and only small indoor spaces, for privacy with lots more open areas for the cool semi-tropical breezes.

Now, the perfectly designed hurricane shutters which lasted with their protected homes, are now gone. New roofs get blown away, screens are ripped off, and trees are overturned during the such hurricanes. Steel and metal signs are twisted into grotesquely distorted shapes.

Once an elderly person called the Hurricane Center in Coral Gables and asked why they did not tell homeowners to open a window or a door on the calm side of the house and shut the door on the wind side of the house during hurricanes. [They also had to remember to tell the home owners to reverse the procedure when the hurricane turned the winds and calm around in opposite directions.]

That person was told that it was only an Old Wive's tale and Useless in the hurricanes of Miami. The buildings got to be tall apartment buildings, and finally taller condos. The soil could be corrected it was believed. Yet, the land itself is sinking. Coral rock is not stable when the seas turn to acid. Coral Reefs are dying. Coral rock is disintegrating under the land. Slowly due to the acids and
pressure from buildings that are huge and heavy; or from ordinary jetties that make each stretch of beach in front of each hotel, privatized areas for every hotel along the ocean front.

Jetties along a beach to make a private water entrances on the shores of an ocean can and has destroyed beautiful homes, good roads by simple "wave-action" erosion. A young woman, maybe 20 or so who I once knew, showed us the remains of the house she had grown up in. It consisted of a tier of bricks about five high at a broken bare corner. No other evidence was there of the beautiful villa that her parents had built at the back of the wide impressive beach at the edge of the ocean.

The corner of the building was only four bricks wide. The beach she used to play on was wide and safe, until someone decided that nearby they would build a hotel for the tourist ships along the coast.  Now, the jetties are two expensive to move away and the road had great chunks taken out of one side. The useless street lamps are beginning to rust and lean over.

The public rest room pieces were all over the sand near the jetty-made "cove." The only places that survived the winds and the waves were the rude huts set up for selling food and trinkets to the mythical future tourist trade. They were covered with sand up to the tops of their counters.

And now, both Flagler Street in Miami and the Fontainebleau Hotel and others in Miami Beach are flooded during such  hurricanes. But no one knows why.  Think!  The answers are there in Florida because as the water is rising due to climate change; the land itself is sinking in protest!  Or hadn’t anyone noticed? The land will return to its former swampy condition soon enough, unless we stop Climate Change and huge chemical infusions into the land and waters nearby.