Essays: Stars of Tamoanchan

Conflicting Essays in scholarship which have been the most engaging research job I have ever done. I have also added, over the years, queries about our "dated" geology with their "computerized" confirmations together with climate changes denied since 1963. The Ten-O'clock News have been telling us to change our clocks for DSL and back again BUT no one as noticed it has been changed, more than a few years ago, from March 31 and October 31, to a week or so earlier or even a week or so later.

Monday, October 16, 2017

The Aztec University

In ages past, only men went on to higher education. there was a good reason for this occurrence.. Few women had any use for an education. They were much too busy handling household affairs while their men did the more important aspect: producing food, managing inter-community relationships, even entertaining and educating through costumed dances or street theater productions. 

The mural at Teotihuacan, in a building of Atetelco was no more than the registration hall for the main aspects of training men for public employment. There are no women in any of the small illustrations. The exception, which men could never deny, was she who taught them from birth, to speak, understand and get along with siblings: their mother! [The wall panel which illustrated her wisdom and bounty was the spider lady with Tlaloc-like eyes and hands that spun the web of knowledge at the university.She was illustrated as the spider woman, with Tlaloc's face; her hands streaming all good things in life]. . . if one works for a living. 

The display included one other type of woman, the delicate [butterfly] ladies who would be carried on the backs of servants especially trained for the job. 

 The Aztec University system illustrated many large and small jobs that men could perform; Teaching mathematics, history, astronomy; surgery. acrobats,actors, even policemen who could subdue rowdy drunks during the night. It included, fresh-water "engineers," and horticulturalists. 

Astronomy and Math go together in our world, but not in the Maya. Each has its own method of identification.  Math, of course, is easier to understand.by the visual illustrated on the wall
Lessons in the Discipline Mathematics
and Possible Trecena concepts.
Thie group below appears to have two teachers.  One illustrates bars for the number desired [5 X 2 = 10].. The other. [a TA in our university world] who just confirmed five was created by a student; inferred to the student, they should add their two fives and add two dots more for "one's". He is indicating the object under his hand, a close duplicate of the one above his head is the goal..

The TA explains that one dot is for the illustrated glyph by the main teacher above him with which the student can apply the math to astronomy indicated by the beauiful rose which will connect to other disciplines such as "Slash and Burn"  agriculture. Karle Taube in his paper, called a similar method "swiddin." See reference below] or any other discipline, soon to be implemented by the student as he learns his math problems. 

A twelve is inferred by the two added dots between the five of the TA and that of the student. A third was either forthcoming or it was deliberately left out as not yet part of the lesson. This counting process called the Trecena is used for a truncated work schedule that applies to milpa horticulture. It is not only necessary to own three milpa plots, but also to calculate his weekly procedures to keep all three milpas fertile. 

[The count must be calculated in a very complex pattern {hence truncated to four days per week to avoid too many distractions}  The Independent Invention scenario below is based upon modern problems for students who are not accustomed to printed book-learning.]

The horizontal layout carries the correct procedure [with 1-IMIX as the beginning of the first WEEK. 

However, the presence of the IMIX, as the first day of the first month, changed the structure of the calendar intended, and made a error in the 52nd week end, The artist put Kimi on week 46 in the correct position and Kimi in the EB position of week 47 to show the calendar would have an incorrect ending for 52 weeks when IMIX is the first week of the year. It must be removed and placed at the end just before the IK week for it to come out correctly.. I believe it should end in AHAU.

Conclusion

The Aztec/Maya Elite understood that many farmers were unable to read so instead of 
creating a 30- day/month for their 360-day year, they left [our version] out Saturdays and Sundays of all the 52 weeks. The Borgia Codex, on the other hand, did 8 .pages with the 260-day Trecena separated from the 7-day weeks of the newer 365.25-day  . 

It was inferred if the farmers worked all the weekdays of the year, they would exhaust themselves and not be very useful to the Conquerors. Therefore, the Elite decided they should have two days of every week to rest and relax or do other necessary things around the village.and be able to sell their excess maize crops in the markets on Fridays.  The ugly top and bottom borders and excessive horrors of the rest of the Borgia were geared to show the population to be careful of the "devils"that lurked in the land. Religion no longer was a pleasant celebration.
  
___________ 
Taube, Karl, titled "The Classic Maya Maize God: A Reappraisal"  [In  Fifth Round Table, Pre-Columbian Art. Ed.: Merle Greene [1985, 171-181], San Francisco, California.] 

Gates,William, (1978) An Outline Dictionary of the Maya Glyphs. Dover edition.

Borgia Codex, Dover Edition.

Madrid Trio-Cortesano Codex

Friday, August 4, 2017

Florida Sinking into the Swamp Part II




At the moment, this is all I have for pending disasters in Florida. You all probably already heard aboutt the two homes that sunk into the sink hole with a third home collapsing nearby.. Fort Meyers, Florida had asuch a disaster near Lake Okeechobee.

This is just another hurricane flooding of Flagler Street and the Biscayne Bay area. Something that neveer happened the 17 years that I lived in this city.

http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/02/us/miami-severe-flooding/index.html


Sunday, July 30, 2017

Why The 52 Years Became a Reality.

Why The 52-year Cycle Became a Reality

When Spain conquered the New World, the decision was made by the rulers of Spain, because the native population counted only on their fingers and maybe even used their toes there was no way they knew what a 360-day year was or when a 365-day year evolved. Only the glorious ancient Roman ruler, Julius Caesar, was supposedly capable of re-adjusting the stars by mand He named process Swindenating a longer year of 445-days in the first century, so the seasons would realign with European farming methods.y one, 

The whole of both Americas, supposedly was only inhabited by primitive natives[?]  The Trecena was taken [appended by onefrom three sections of four circles within small triangles [Green] directly under three fire glyphs {Orange] of the two serpents on the stone. The large star between the four circles probably was meant to be a knot on the cords of a single year  [Brown].  So the 52-year cycle was a decision made for the strange stone calendar age 676-years and was thought to be very appropriate. 

Especially since 676 divided by 13 equals 52. Who did the original math on that aspect. It seems odd that the 676 is only repeated three times, not four.  It is in the Codex Ramirez that the set of 676 the calendar count here. The stone itself does not record any such number sequence, only the events indicated by glyph.
        
   Tlaloc's wife, Chalchiuhtlicue, of the great waves of water
The extra number of the Trecena, the 13th at the end of the count, is only a repetition of the very first. It is for the continuation of the first twelve numbers and it is called in computer programming, a "loop command.". The actual data is in the horizontal agricultural system written out as five weeks with only four days in each week in the Madrid and the Borgia Codices. 

Our Saturdays and Sundays (as glyphs in a Maya agricultural calendar) not found on the Madrid M-12 to M-18 were not to be confused as working days, The new schedule was to have begun in the IXth century AD. during the Classic Maya period. Karle Taube in [1983,7] named the process after the Norse "Swiddin" farm method,:in his paper titled "The Classic Maya Maize God: A Reappraisal"  [In  Fifth Round Table, Pre-Columbian Art. Ed.: Merle Greene [1985, 171-181], San Francisco, California.]   

The second number of the count is necessary  the first is when was milpa of a native to be planted. The land should lie fallow for at least two years so that until it can assimilate the nutrients necessary for another good harvest of maize. The other two years [#5 and #9] follow the same three year cycle with each new revolution of the Trecena which is a farm cycle  similar to the Norse method.

The raw question is "Why would farmers who always followed the stars to plant, and reap their crops ever considered a 52-year cycle, when they lived in a 52-week, 360-day world before a major disaster struck the land?

As a theoretical question, it tells us that the formulae for computing the calendar glyphs are done in a manner which does not honor the agricultural time scale of the Trecena. This could be compared to our common almanac for farmers. The Aztec version with weekly corrections can also be found in the Madrid Serpent pages but only, as the stripped down work schedule without the two days extra days of the week end.

The Madrid was set up to read the Ik, Manik, Eb, Caban sequence with insertions of 20 days of 4 days per week between each of the four Trecena markers across the 52-weeks in every normal year. It was a new set, beginning with IMIX., Thus, the first day of the new month called 0 POP in 1583 by church 'mandate', that made the 52-week schedule impossible so that the sequence across the 360 days failed to create 52 weeks. and made it impossible to insert the extra five days after the catastrophe.

The church effort to align the Mesoamerican Calendar is illustrated in front and the back of the Serpent pages  to be the very first day of the year. As can be seen on the last page of the Serpent sequence ,[M-12  to M-18] the effort to create such a pattern failed miserably. It failed mostly because no month names had never been named in the Trecena calendar until, the Church decided that such names would assist researchers later to compare the two systems. As it is stated in, The Book of the Years by Edmonson stated:

"Mixtec Month Names remain linguistically' undocumented." (1968, 211)

It may have because there never were any month names ]just god festival names [similar to our December festival  named is Christmas..etc.] before that time in the Mesoamerican calendars.  0 POP began on July 26 of the European year while IMIX was taken from the same data of February 8, 1583.  IK, EB, CABANni was no longer valid.

This sequence now reads downwards the same way.  Both across and down weeks revolved individually just as the lemons and cherries on the One-armed Bandits of Gambling halls in Reno, Las Vegas, Atlantic City, et cetera.. Only the vertical Trecena was more sedate. It only changed in proper sequence from year one to year four.; three times vertically.

The Trecena count  was reported by Jose Castillo-Torre who claimed he used the Imperial version: IK, MANIK, EB, CABAN. Guatemala was the first to alter the original count which is: IK,, MANIK, EB. CABAN

Since Guatemala's version is just a dislocated count and the Madrid Serpent Pages, without the IMIX appears to have the same errors, they both can of be assumed to carry the correct Imperial version  I believe that the series starting with IK is a correct ancient version.

The Maya version is IK, MANIK, EB, CABAN. Yet, Diego de Landa's version may have been the one used in the Yucatan. I doubt it though, since the Madrid Serpent pages do combine to make a 360-tday; 52-week year. It only failed when it attempted to add the IMIX and the extra "dead" days. Since Diego de Landa's manuscript included the POP as the first month, before his contact with the Maya and long after his death in 1575 it becomes clear that his report to the king of Spain was altered at a later date. This seems to have been a common procedure through the time of Hondo and his map-making days with the Hakulyt Societv series of explorers in 1844.

The Borgia Codex count succeeded because it isolated the 260-day count of the Trecena in the middle of the 364 + 1.  It inferred that the top and bottom rows were the Saturday and Sunday of our common calendar.

Landa's version was: AKBAL, LAMAT, BEN,  ET'ZAB.  No matter which is being used, there is little done with the "Year-Bearer"s except with the Mixtec translations by John Pohl and Robert Williams. They worked out the years with the 13 count for each of the 20 days and years for each of the Mixtec Codices that are available.

By doing the Trecena with each group of vertical list of 20-days, it makes an uneven count throughout the centuries, which probably was what Rome determined was proper at the time. with such a strange way of counting, there would be no conflict between European dates and Mesoamerican attempts at correlating the calendar with Eurasian dates so it was never explained any differently to our current scholars.

The Madrid, if followed horizontally across the seven pages [M-12 to M-18], one can read the Trecena in the manner that it was used for Swidden farming; by leaving off the Saturday and Sunday, days for community action within the Maya communities. It can be seen that each and every column of 20 day names rotate individually just as the One-armed Bandit" slot machines in gambling.


Conclusion

This allows for every day of the four years necessary to plant harvest and rejuvenate the soil.  It is completely different from year one to the next. In this way, for the whole four years, a farmer is able to determine what e has to do with each of his three fields, when they are rotated correctly.

If one accepts the 364+ 01 days of our current 365-day year, while the center of the Borgia which give the Trecena count over eight pagee as a 260-day cycle,  just like the Serpent pages of the Madrid.The. Saturdays and Sundays were left out to confuse later calendar makers. Festival days then should be considered only as community activities/ The correct 30 day month count for the 360-day year and the 30-31-28-day cycles of the 365.25-day years mean little or nothing to the Mesoamerican natives, even though they have to use them as daily year counts.

The strange vertical count of four year bearers X 03 + 01 = 13 can be considered as a computer generated program to create a LOOP, a long time before computers had even been a dream. When the 676 was divided by 13; the answer was 52. The Trecena then became a yearly item. THE 4-year SWIDDEN “SLASH AND BURN” re-CYCLE agricultural method OF THE Madrid Codex HAS BEEN IGNORED as a useless calendar.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Four Glyphs from Old Chichen

Four glyphs are not too hard to remember, once I had written out what I saw:
So bear with me a bit.

Old Chichen flyphs in the IMS  notice that came through June, 21-2, 2017 from Jim was a very informative glyph set about the arrival of a double comet.  Just four glyphs can be more informative than a whole page if one is aware of the Popol Vuh astronomy story, painted with a broad brush of the adventures of Seven Macaw, the Twins, and the people of the god Tohil. A great book to read.
Four Glyphs that may be read this way

The first glyph of the Old Chichen glyph set was a big wind on the left of the Earth glyph.

[If you do not know what comes first when a comet arrives too close to earth:
Check out the one that hit Washington, Oregon and South Canada
in 2008. It was a big roaring wind that came first, then the brilliance of the comet
and the rumbling of the ground;. Repeated again in 2013 in Lake Chebarkul, Russia
The wind knocked out windows and people standing near the glass did get hurt.
And if still not convinced, try the mini-comet that hit Lake Tagus in Canada photographed
by an amateur with sound as he made a video of the comet tail as it split in two.]

In the right column, the Second was illustrated as a double-faced monkey god,
one with mouth wide open [in shock?]  the other stuck to the back of the first MK
showed a second larger cleaned-up glyph of a new Monkey King  north-star version.

This happened when the big stones fell and the open mouthed MK was kicked out of
the North Star directional spot by the sudden "[rocking] of the earth to and fro"
The Hopi Native American tribe recorded it as the Ninth prophecy but
the Chilam Balam of the Chumayel also recorded it as a historical statement.

At the bottom left of the four glyphs; the third glyph shows a fat "venus"
glyph open to the left and two glyphs to the right of the "v' glyph:
one on top of the other. The top was the worm from the Land of the Dead that sent the double comets as two star circles in a "v" glyph frame to the Earth (the last part of that glyph set.

The last glyph of the four. showed a bright sun glyph  held in several tree branches
 (the Tree of the world [but also called the Tree of the Beautiful Rose in the Codex Ramirez] as the "The History of the Mexicans as told by their Paintings."  The Nuttall Codex also shows the same sun in a tree. . . .

[]I remember it [MIGHT be page 47]. in the left edge of the top row on that page.
In the Borgia Codex and others, the new Milky Way on the other side of the world, was called the Tree of the Warrior.) which according to many myths was new because of our very new 23.5 degree slant above and 23.5 deg. slant below the Equator. which added 5-days  to our original 360-day year.  It created our identifiable Tropic of Cancer (north) to the Tropic of Capricorn in the south. Both areas indicated that we actually have a 47 degree shift from the old North Star.]

The Wurzburger Museum in Germany has a stone peg-board with exactly 30-day work weeks for a complete year. 15 days on one side at the bottom and 15 days on the right side.

[The peg board can be found in G. Sesti's book The Glorious Constellations. about page 62. Just in case   I misspelled the name of the city museum The peg board at the top shows the different planets known at the time and under those icons are different gods of different months.  All have a peg hole so that the year can be completed just like our modern Santa Claus Days Before Christmas picture board with doors or windows to open each day. It was recorded then that Julius Caesar created a long year of 445 days to put farming back into proper star time.]

Glyphs are to be spelled via Landa's alphabet, the same way his example showed: It is to be used with foreign language words, not the stelae or the monumental wall panels. Even Linda Schele tried to tell most of you the process, but when one or two words were translated correctly with Landa's alphabet, no one considered a picture story any longer. Everything had to be properly spelled out as in european alphabets.

So do you best "to see" the story before you attempt to spell a glyph. It has been there for years.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Numbers in the Sun Stone



INAH's drawing of the Sun Stone

Why go into the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar? For the best reason in the world. [One segment only is located below).  Five day names of the week as a corrected number of days per week; Ten squares for another 10 days creating the correct 15 days which is half of a 30-day month. Five 4-day columns only for milpa maintenance per a 5-day week as in the horizontal Trecena. The extra day is a "day of rest." Please note the bundle (brown) ties the five monthly rotating 4-day week  columns in each quarter of the Sun Stone calendar are necessary days for maintaining the milpa; in other words: The Trecena pattern.

There are 4-day columns of 3-year units rotating during each  of the 52-weeks in a common year [even with extra 5.25 day added] to the day counts. Each column rotates in the same manner that the vertical Trecena uses.

One can find the correct method for the horizontal method in the Madrid Codex in its Serpent calendar pages [M-12 to M-18].   Once you realize that all twenty days have to be settled into a five week span, beginning with IK then put in the second named unit MANIK of the four year count; [i.e.: IK, Manik, Eb, Caban]. your month spans should start with IK and end with Ahaw after each four units are completed with its twenty days. The third section would be started with EB with its twenty days. hommom.

Why go into the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar? For the best reason in the world.; It also contains the full story of the arrival of two comets: one of the Night and one for the Day. Glyphs are always meant to be read. Yet, at most, students are contents to translate the more difficult to decode items with de Landa's spelling rules, even though there are usually easier to read basic components.

The weird system is the Four Ages of the Sun (here one segment only).  Five day names of the week as a corrected number of days per week; Ten squares another 10 days. Five 4-day columns were only for farming time per week as in the horizontal Trecena; the knotted bundle tying each of the five monthly 4-day week rotating day columns of each  quarter  of the Sun Stone calendar; in other words:

There are many 3-year units rotating each week of the 52 in a common year (ever with after 5.25 day-columns. Each column rotates in the same manner that the vertical Trecena does. Each column uses the style and form of the "One-armed Bandits" in gambling establishments except that the 52 weeks are not free rotating. They must follow the vertical and the horizontal counts exactly.

Its arachaeastronomy-omens are brought down to common nominators like numbers found in the Codex Ramirez as  the 1883 paper The History of the Mexicans through their Paintings.

1 Central unit = Coatlicue
3 Ages of the Sun
 a EhecatL -  Wind,= 676 days/yrs;
   (b [1/2] Tlaloc   Fire  Rains = 364 +)  
   (c  [2/2] Chalchuitlque  Water 314 = 676 days/yrs  
  c Ocelotl   Caves, Cats, Hunger = 676 days/yrs

I attended a lecture on the Aztec Sun Stone recently.  An observant student who attended ask a question about the tiny circles of squares and points circling the stone between the compass points. She was told they did not mean anything; they were only there to fill the spaces. Hm.m.m
Chalchuitlque, Wife of Tlaloc, Second half of Third AgeSun of Water, 2/2= 324 days

I had to think about that answer for a while. When I thought I knew what it was, I did a count of the four different Ages, then the tiny squares, and then, the Trecena count of 12.  No, that is not a mistake, it is only necessary for a 12 count because there are only three 4's for one harvest and then there are two years needed to bring back the nutriants needed to repair the depleted soil after the first year of a good harvest. During the second year the land must lay fallow and the third was "slashed" and "burned." [This is a Norse/Saxon method of farming called "svithinn." Karle Taube mentioned it in one of his earlier papers.]

The number 13 that which computer programming call a "continuous loop." The vertical Trecena can go on for centuries in groups of three years using the 13th number of the Trecena for looping the pattern as many years as was necessary.

I chose to color the above segment of the calendar stone because it was one of the two truncated, by  the two comet gods iconography. It truncated the ten square units [no color] after the five day names which together equaled the number 15. Just above the square units of ten, are three specifically "bundled" units of four [green] arrowheads separated by an "A" unit and a possible temple glyph.

Underneath the pointed units of four, there is a knotted "bundling" cord [brown] and under that is the [blue[ set of 5 loops. Over all are the [orange] flames of the burning serpentine comets as  the two circled the known world.

Once Rome decided in 1583 to add February 8th date as IMIX to the beginning of the count, as found in the Madrid Codex, it made a blithering mess at the end of the 52 proposed weeks, leaving 8 empty glyph blanks ready to accept the 5 extra days. It was an unnecessary step, since 1.015 degrees has already been added to each 360-day.

One can still use the correct method simply by omitting the IMIX from the horizontal method so the end result at 52 weeks will end in AHAU, even in the Madrid , using its Serpent calendar pages [M-12 to M-18].

One other item I remember wss by Fianlly, I found a decent explanation from 1956 about the “Distance Numbers” for the Maya Calendar system
                     
“Let us permit our  calendar year to gain
ron the true year as fast as it will.
We will allow our calendar to function without change.

But when we erect a monument,
we will engrave n it,
 In addition to the official calendar date of its dedication,
A calendar correction for that particular date.”
                                                                 [Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  (1956) The Ancient Maya,
Wonder Books: Frederick, MD,  3rd Edition, (Revised by George Brainerd),  Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, CA, USA]

*&*&*&*&*&*&*

[As an afterthought:  I finally figured out the 60 year cycle of the Chinese Calendar thanks to the above five day names per quarter of a year. I had thought it was much too complex for me to assimilate, but it works fine using the five day names under the guise of Air, Water, Wood, Metal and Central.]

Thursday, June 8, 2017

Acid Rains and Rising Oceans

Acid rain has been a problem every since cloud seeding for rain has been used in California and other towns including here in Austin Texas.

Cloud seeding is pretty high up in the sky. And when a jet stream lowers itself under 45,0000 feet (Ice making area of clouds) it sweeps the cloud seeds (chemical ones) over the land into Mississippi and further eastwards.
When that rain falls, it is not in California, nor in Texas but wherever the Jet stream drifts as it creates more clouds on the.way.  Producing horrible rain storms  even in European Alps. Or hasn't anyone been reading the weather reports for the last several years? The acid rains are also decimating the ocean reefs and producing so many sink holes in Florida they just raise the prices for building that will not last if the acid water chews up any more coral rock under the cities of Florida.

As for Oceans rising?  Get rid of those jetties that are isolating hotel  beaches or future tourist spots into the ocean. The destruction in Tapachula Mexico' t (80 miles away frnd Ri
sing oceansom the city) wiped also the extensive beach fronts but also beachfront homes,and the beautiful modern roads to those homes that no longer exist except in the memory of the young woman who used to play on the beaches there. Having seen what the jetty destroyed and returning to the states and then find out that hotels I used to work at on Miami Beach got flooded and had to be evacuated, while in Miami proper, street cafes have to build sea walls around their out door venues . . .. . drinking water is getting harder to supply, even Flagler Street was flooded to where people were actually canoeing down  the street in town.
Get with the facts of what is being done. .  l other that directly with the climate.  There is more, especially for the airports. The Tampa Tribune told us in 2007 that the asimuths on incoming runways had to be changed 10 degrees. A comment for that article stated that the military airports have been doing that since 1982.
I fugure the reporter got fired for even getting the information.  But climate changing planet by shifting away from North  has not stopped!

-----
D. M. Urquidi
dreemwea@gmail.



         

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Glass in Incan Lands

Incan Glass Stonework


On May 12 2017, I was browsing the web and found this article on WordPress. “Evidence of Vitrified Stonework in the Inca Vestiges of Peru. by Jan Peter de Jong & Christopher Jordan The language of the article is very professional and has words I never read before.

“Vitrified stones are simply stones that have been melted to a point where they form a glass or glaze. There is much debate in archaeological circles over the ancient examples under study for two reasons. Firstly, few cases are known to have been tested and even if they have, there are many questions over how they were made.

Glassy rocks form naturally under conditions of high temperature and pressures found in and around volcanoes. Glass or glazes are traditionally created using a furnace. Furnace or kiln examples are found on everyday objects such as glassware and ceramics. The ceramics glazes are created by pasting certain finely crushed stones, sometimes with tinctures, onto fired pots and plates. The whole is then fired to temperatures usually in excess of 1000 degrees centigrade".

Glass erratic facings on stone walls and buildings in Peru are considered to be impossibly accomplished by normal means. The heat level needed is quoted as being 1000 degrees centigrade, which is even higher than our Fahrenheit degrees. It is more likely to be Kelvin degrees in our vernacular.

Kelvin has been assumed only to melt steel, but it can also create a shiny glass-like glass on decorative bricks. So if it is possible with bricks, why are the stones of Peru so strange? The reason is that many of the stones were used in situ. . . . a wall was "sort of carved out" of a boulder  so that  the
boulder appeared to have been set in place in such a way a knife blade no matter how fine could not be placed between the stones of the wall,

As usual, mythic animals and miraculous events are very seldom considered when geology or geography dissertations are presented.  As a professor told me in no uncertain terms "If you do not write it the way I want it, you will get an "F" as a grade." Of course, it took about 35 more years more to get to that point. And I was not and am not unhappy with the results.

The myth that came to mind  when I read the paper was one that I had researched a long time ago. Before I knew very much.  I was coming to terms with the Hawaiian myth of the Kelvin heated stones falling from the sky into the Pacific Ocean.  When they reached the water, they bounced in and out of the water, like hot grease bounces out of the frying pan when bacon is being cooked. Hot grease will burn the cook; the wall behind the stove; the floor and any other place it can reach as it bounces.

The best mythic description of such a fall-out into the ocean can be found in Melville, L. called The Children of the Rainbow. It was reported the natives saw this event from canoes and out-riggers. But, it is highly unlikely. Such a fall-out, one that violent, would have created a huge tsunami putting even the stable out-riggers in grave danger.

I tried to imagine what would happen if, as the fragments flew so fast, would it meet the curvature of the earth in transit. About that time, an article about such a spin appeared in Sky  & Telescope magazine  about strange grooves in the earth on the pampas of Argentina.

The  grooves as seen from the air, appeared to be done by a child "skipping stones over  "water," [of a creek]. there were gouges side-by-side all pointing southwest instead of northeast as normal comets do.

It was similar to the one that fell into Lake Texcoco from the Caribbean Sea and bounced backwardsinto the lake. It became known as Huitzilipochtl. The moment he was born, he fought Coyolxauhque, his sister and brothers the stars to keep them from killing Coatlique their mother. Huitzilipochtl, born in the Hill of the Serpents competed with Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl for the important actions each had taken.

Quetzalcoatl was a major contender because he had become a destroyer of the land. Huitzilopochtli carried them away from the Seven Caves where he had protected them into a land mostly of safety, water and finally prosperity. So the emperors honored Huitzilipochtli by wearing his colors and his symbols during their coronation ceremonies. Joyce Marcus gave complete reference in her book about the Maya Script and culture.

The largest chunks sped to the southwestern Argentinian Pampas, “skipping over the earth  "like pebbles skipping in a pond" [westward due to the curvature and the altered spin of earth, south of the equator.]” The smaller ones flew into the North Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, to the mainland of Mexico.

An unknown quantity of those blazing fragments that fell into the Atlantic Ocean would have quickly exploded out of the waters of the Atlantic Deep. The smaller broken pieces because of less weight would have sped faster and farther than expected. They would have followed the curvature of the earth with some strange backward results.

Peru recorded such a drop. Only this one also passed westward through the mountain of Pachatusan in the Andes, then dropped into Lake Quibipay. It was thought a fiery monster had come through the mountain pass. This beast, who took this back road to Peru, was described as:

“a half a league long and thick, and two and a half fathoms in width and came by Yuncaypampa and Cinca, and from there it entered the Lake [of] Quibipay. Then two sacacas of fire came out of Asoncata; [one] came out of Asoncata, and [one] passed Pontina [mountain] of Arequipa, and yet another came down to and passing Guamanca”—-where animals with ears and fangs and whiskers, and with wings, spines like a fish, and ears, and tails and four feet on top of their backs; many appeared to them [to be] all fire.”

Now if the above fireball came through the mountain pass and dropped into Lake Quibipay, would that not be hot enough  [Kelvin degrees over 1000 degrees]: The stellar heat of these fragments was a thousand times hotter (as Kelvin) than the ocean temperature (as Fahrenheit or Celsius). As the waters boiled and erupted, meteorite fragments shattered and flew over a large area, (just as hot grease in a frying pan).

The largest chunks sped to the southwestern Argentinian Pampas, “skipping over the earth  "like pebbles skipping in a pond" [westward due to the curvature and the altered spin of earth, south of the equator.]” The smaller ones flew into the North Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, to the mainland of Mexico.
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Peru also recorded such a drop. Only this one "passed westward through the mountain pass of Pachatusan in the Andes, then dropped into Lake Quibipay." It was thought a fiery monster had come through the mountain pass. This beast was never a dragon or a beast of the mountains. It was the hottest fireball ever seen so low on the horizon. Would such a fiery ball be able to scorch and melt into glassy surface so many sundry stones and walls along the way?


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Cobo, BernabĂ© Rek= (1611-1639) [d 1657] Relacion of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru.

de JongJan Peter  & Jordan Christopher, (2017) “Evidence of Vitrified Stonework in the Inca Vestiges of Peru." In WordPress of the World Wide Web, [May]

Leinani Melville, (1969) The Children of the Rainbow. [A book about Hawaii and its origins.]

Marcus, Joyce. (1992). Mesoamerican Writing Systems: Propaganda, Myth, and History in Four Ancient Civilizations.  First Edition, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Schultz,  P. H. (1992) Teardrops on the Pampas.  Sky  & Telescope.  April.