Conflicting Essays in scholarship which have been the most engaging research job I have ever done. I have also added, over the years, queries about our "dated" geology with their "computerized" confirmations together with climate changes denied since 1963. The Ten-O'clock News have been telling us to change our clocks for DSL and back again BUT no one as noticed it has been changed, more than a few years ago, from March 31 and October 31, to a week or so earlier or even a week or so later.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Four Glyphs from Old Chichen

Four glyphs are not too hard to remember, once I had written out what I saw:
So bear with me a bit.

Old Chichen flyphs in the IMS  notice that came through June, 21-2, 2017 from Jim was a very informative glyph set about the arrival of a double comet.  Just four glyphs can be more informative than a whole page if one is aware of the Popol Vuh astronomy story, painted with a broad brush of the adventures of Seven Macaw, the Twins, and the people of the god Tohil. A great book to read.
Four Glyphs that may be read this way

The first glyph of the Old Chichen glyph set was a big wind on the left of the Earth glyph.

[If you do not know what comes first when a comet arrives too close to earth:
Check out the one that hit Washington, Oregon and South Canada
in 2008. It was a big roaring wind that came first, then the brilliance of the comet
and the rumbling of the ground;. Repeated again in 2013 in Lake Chebarkul, Russia
The wind knocked out windows and people standing near the glass did get hurt.
And if still not convinced, try the mini-comet that hit Lake Tagus in Canada photographed
by an amateur with sound as he made a video of the comet tail as it split in two.]

In the right column, the Second was illustrated as a double-faced monkey god,
one with mouth wide open [in shock?]  the other stuck to the back of the first MK
showed a second larger cleaned-up glyph of a new Monkey King  north-star version.

This happened when the big stones fell and the open mouthed MK was kicked out of
the North Star directional spot by the sudden "[rocking] of the earth to and fro"
The Hopi Native American tribe recorded it as the Ninth prophecy but
the Chilam Balam of the Chumayel also recorded it as a historical statement.

At the bottom left of the four glyphs; the third glyph shows a fat "venus"
glyph open to the left and two glyphs to the right of the "v' glyph:
one on top of the other. The top was the worm from the Land of the Dead that sent the double comets as two star circles in a "v" glyph frame to the Earth (the last part of that glyph set.

The last glyph of the four. showed a bright sun glyph  held in several tree branches
 (the Tree of the world [but also called the Tree of the Beautiful Rose in the Codex Ramirez] as the "The History of the Mexicans as told by their Paintings."  The Nuttall Codex also shows the same sun in a tree. . . .

[]I remember it [MIGHT be page 47]. in the left edge of the top row on that page.
In the Borgia Codex and others, the new Milky Way on the other side of the world, was called the Tree of the Warrior.) which according to many myths was new because of our very new 23.5 degree slant above and 23.5 deg. slant below the Equator. which added 5-days  to our original 360-day year.  It created our identifiable Tropic of Cancer (north) to the Tropic of Capricorn in the south. Both areas indicated that we actually have a 47 degree shift from the old North Star.]

The Wurzburger Museum in Germany has a stone peg-board with exactly 30-day work weeks for a complete year. 15 days on one side at the bottom and 15 days on the right side.

[The peg board can be found in G. Sesti's book The Glorious Constellations. about page 62. Just in case   I misspelled the name of the city museum The peg board at the top shows the different planets known at the time and under those icons are different gods of different months.  All have a peg hole so that the year can be completed just like our modern Santa Claus Days Before Christmas picture board with doors or windows to open each day. It was recorded then that Julius Caesar created a long year of 445 days to put farming back into proper star time.]

Glyphs are to be spelled via Landa's alphabet, the same way his example showed: It is to be used with foreign language words, not the stelae or the monumental wall panels. Even Linda Schele tried to tell most of you the process, but when one or two words were translated correctly with Landa's alphabet, no one considered a picture story any longer. Everything had to be properly spelled out as in european alphabets.

So do you best "to see" the story before you attempt to spell a glyph. It has been there for years.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Numbers in the Calendar Stone

INAH's drawing of the Calendar Stone
A Short Introduction to the Calendar Stone

In order for one to understand, the Calendar Stone for the story it tells, it is necessary to "break ranks" and read the Maya Popol Vuh. It is common knowledge that when one intends to study a subject, one must immerse one's self into the discipline and ignore everything else. Nahuatl is not in any of the Maya texts.

However. if one is going to understand the story behind the calendar stone, one must read at least Part I, Part II and probably Part III. Then when you think you know about both; try filling in the information with J, Henry Phillips, Jr. (1983) The History of Mexico according to its Paintings. which is the Ramirez Codex with calendar length of years for each of the four central events. It is always good to learned a little bit more about the rest of the world.


Why go into the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar? For the best reason in the world. [One segment only is located below).  Five day names of the week as a corrected number of days per week; Ten squares for another 10 days creating the correct 15 days which is half of a 30-day month. Five 4-day columns only for milpa maintenance per a 5-day week as in the horizontal Trecena. The extra day is a "day of rest." Please note the bundle (brown) ties the five monthly rotating 4-day week  columns in each quarter of the Sun Stone calendar are necessary days for maintaining the milpa; in other words: The Trecena pattern.

There are 4-day columns of 3-year units rotating during each  of the 52-weeks in a common year [even with extra 5.25 day added] to the day counts. Each column rotates in the same manner that the vertical Trecena uses.

One can find the correct method for the horizontal method in the Madrid Codex in its Serpent calendar pages [M-12 to M-18].   Once you realize that all twenty days have to be settled into a five week span, beginning with IK then put in the second named unit MANIK of the four year count; [i.e.: IK, Manik, Eb, Caban]. your month spans should start with IK and end with Ahaw after each four units are completed with its twenty days. The third section would be started with EB with its twenty days. hm.m.m.m.

Why go into the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar? For the best reason in the world.; It also contains the full story of the arrival of two comets: one of the Night and one for the Day. Glyphs are always meant to be read. Yet, at most, students are contents to translate the more difficult to decode items with de Landa's spelling rules, even though there are usually easier to read basic components.

The weird system is the Four Ages of the Sun (here one segment only).  Five day names of the week as a corrected number of days per week; Ten squares another 10 days. Five 4-day columns were only for farming time per week as in the horizontal Trecena; the knotted bundle tying each of the five monthly 4-day week rotating day columns of each  quarter  of the Sun Stone calendar; in other words:

There are many 3-year units rotating each week of the 52 in a common year (ever with after 5.25 day-columns. Each column rotates in the same manner that the vertical Trecena does. Each column uses the style and form of the "One-armed Bandits" in gambling establishments except that the 52 weeks are not free rotating. They must follow the vertical and the horizontal counts exactly.

Its arachaeastronomy-names are brought down to common nominators like numbers found in the Codex Ramirez as  the 1883 paper The History of the Mexicans through their Paintings.

1 Central unit = Coatlicue

3 Ages of the Sun
  A EhecatL -  Wind,= 676 days/yrs;
   (B [1/2] Tlaloc   Fire  Rains = 364 +)  
   (C  [2/2] Chalchuitlque  Water 314 = 676 days/yrs  
   D Ocelotl   Caves, Cats, Hunger = 676 days/yrs

I attended a lecture on the Aztec Sun Stone recently.  An observant student who attended ask a question about the tiny circles of squares and points circling the stone between the compass points. She was told they did not mean anything; they were only there to fill the spaces. Hm.m.m
Chalchuitlque, Wife of Tlaloc, Second half of Third Age-Sun of Water, 2/2= 324 days

I had to think about that answer for a while. When I thought I knew what it was, I did a count of the four different Ages, then the tiny squares, and then, the Trecena count of 12.  No, that is not a mistake, it is only necessary for a 12 count because there are only three 4's for one harvest and then there are two years needed to bring back the nutriants needed to repair the depleted soil after the first year of a good harvest. During the second year the land must lay fallow and the third was "slashed" and "burned." [This is a Norse/Saxon method of farming called "svithinn." Karle Taube mentioned it in one of his earlier papers.]

The number 13 that which computer programming call a "continuous loop." The vertical Trecena can go on for centuries in groups of three years using the 13th number of the Trecena for looping the pattern as many years as was necessary.

I chose to color the above segment of the calendar stone because it was one of the two truncated, by  the two comet gods iconography. It truncated the ten square units [no color] after the five day names which together equaled the number 15. Just above the square units of ten, are three specifically "bundled" units of four [green] arrowheads separated by an "A" unit and a possible temple glyph.

Underneath the pointed units of four, there is a knotted "bundling" cord [brown] and under that is the [blue[ set of 5 loops. Over all are the [orange] flames of the burning serpentine comets as  the two circled the known world.

Once Rome decided in 1583 to add February 8th date as IMIX to the beginning of the count, as found in the Madrid Codex, it made a blithering mess at the end of the 52 proposed weeks, leaving 8 empty glyph blanks ready to accept the 5 extra days. It was an unnecessary step, since 1.015 degrees has already been added to each 360-day.

One can still use the correct method simply by omitting the IMIX from the horizontal method so the end result at 52 weeks will end either in AHAU or IMIX, even in the Madrid , using its Serpent calendar pages [M-12 to M-18].

One other item I remembered. Finally, I found a decent explanation from 1956 about the “Distance Numbers” for the Maya Calendar system
Let us permit our calendar year to gain
run the true year as fast as it will.
We will allow our calendar to function without change.

But when we erect a monument,

we will engrave on it,
In addition to the official calendar date of its dedication,
A calendar correction for that particular date.”
                                                                 [Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  (1956) The Ancient Maya,
                                                                                  Wonder Books: Frederick, MD,  3rd Edition, (Revised by                                                                                                             George Brainerd), Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, USA]

[As an afterthought:  I finally figured out the 60 year cycle of the Chinese Calendar thanks to the above five day names per quarter of a year. I had thought it was much too complex for me to assimilate, but it works fine using the five day names under the guise of Air, Water, Wood, Metal and Central. Each of the year names had to carry one of the five day names for 12 months of the 360 or 365 days of the year. Therefore, every year had to complete sixty cycles, before the next set of day names were used. It seemed to me to be the vertical Trecena with five year names instead of four. i.e.: 5 years X  12 months =  60 units].  Whether it works out that way or not, it is now an understandable calendar in a very foreign language base.

Please note the Calendar cycle of four, I simplified to only three Ages of the Sun. i. e.; 

3 Ages of the Sun
  A EhecatL -  Wind,= 676 days/yrs; 
   (B [1/2] Tlaloc   Fire  Rains = 364 +)   
   (C  [2/2] Chalchuitlque  Water 314 = 676 days/yrs
   D Ocelotl   Caves, Cats, Hunger = 676 days/yrs

It most important number was 676 and it only appears in the sequence of Ages three times.
The Flood of Chalchuitlque and the subsequent "salida de las cuevas" occurred after the "rains of Turpentinea" or "of resin", which Tlaloc produced from the double comet as IYKOR, or long burning ash was just before the dropping of the huge stones into the Caribbean Sea; a natural sequence of events as a comet loaded with debris from another star; yet, said to be by Chalchuitlque, the Goddess of Water. 

Ehacatl has become the First Age of the sun because as noted in 2008 comet over Washington and Oregon and later in 2013 in Russia, the wind and the roar of the comet came first. Since the comets are illustrated by the two serpents surrounding the Aztec stone, [one night and one day equaling both to be the same comet with different names] it is unlikely that the Sun itself was what the stone was informing us about. It was only the double comet brighter than our Sun which came with a violent wind and a roaring discordant noise.

That which following the roaring wind was the ash fallout of Tlaloc's "rain of resin" or of "turpentine:" which could only be extinguished by the waters of his wife, Chalchuiltque and was called a deluge because so many people expired in it.

The last was the first part of the preparations to make a safe area for those who wanted to survive the horrible rains of resin and the flood.  Astronomers warned the people, but most with expensive homes thought they were safe anyway.   The poor who had mud and reed dwellings took what food they thought would be needed, water and fuel, to the caves on the mountainsides. They were told to seal up the entrances.

All was recorded in the Popol Vuh, as it occurred.  The rich, when they found their roofs of straw burning, ran for the caves but it was too late.  Only one person attempted to survive the mud from the bottom of the sea. and he sunk back into the mud, because others were afraid he was a spook.

Those who survived, found that  their supplies did not last very long. They were on the verge of starvation along with the jaguars and ocelots who had also repaired to the caves for safety. When men attempted to find their milpas, they found them destroyed. by the flooding.

Food was non-existent for the nativeswho had survived, but the jaguars found that men walking alone were free food for the taking. The men had to travel in groups to the milpas and eventurally food of a sort was found. The Maise God then became more important than Tohil, the old god.

The reason will be discussed in the other article here, as the "52-Year Cycle."
Calendar Stone of the Aztecs.
and in the Article "4 Ahau and 8 Kumk'u"

Thursday, June 8, 2017

Acid Rains and Rising Oceans

Acid rain has been a problem every since cloud seeding for rain has been used in California and other towns including here in Austin Texas.

Cloud seeding is pretty high up in the sky. And when a jet stream lowers itself under 45,0000 feet (Ice making area of clouds) it sweeps the cloud seeds (chemical ones) over the land into Mississippi and further eastwards.
When that rain falls, it is not in California, nor in Texas but wherever the Jet stream drifts as it creates more clouds on the.way.  Producing horrible rain storms  even in European Alps. Or hasn't anyone been reading the weather reports for the last several years? The acid rains are also decimating the ocean reefs and producing so many sink holes in Florida they just raise the prices for building that will not last if the acid water chews up any more coral rock under the cities of Florida.

As for Oceans rising?  Get rid of those jetties that are isolating hotel  beaches or future tourist spots into the ocean. The destruction in Tapachula Mexico' t (80 miles away frnd Ri
sing oceansom the city) wiped also the extensive beach fronts but also beachfront homes,and the beautiful modern roads to those homes that no longer exist except in the memory of the young woman who used to play on the beaches there. Having seen what the jetty destroyed and returning to the states and then find out that hotels I used to work at on Miami Beach got flooded and had to be evacuated, while in Miami proper, street cafes have to build sea walls around their out door venues . . .. . drinking water is getting harder to supply, even Flagler Street was flooded to where people were actually canoeing down  the street in town.
Get with the facts of what is being done. .  l other that directly with the climate.  There is more, especially for the airports. The Tampa Tribune told us in 2007 that the asimuths on incoming runways had to be changed 10 degrees. A comment for that article stated that the military airports have been doing that since 1982.
I fugure the reporter got fired for even getting the information.  But climate changing planet by shifting away from North  has not stopped!

D. M. Urquidi


Thursday, June 1, 2017

Glass in Incan Lands

Incan Glass Stonework

On May 12 2017, I was browsing the web and found this article on WordPress. “Evidence of Vitrified Stonework in the Inca Vestiges of Peru. by Jan Peter de Jong & Christopher Jordan The language of the article is very professional and has words I never read before.

“Vitrified stones are simply stones that have been melted to a point where they form a glass or glaze. There is much debate in archaeological circles over the ancient examples under study for two reasons. Firstly, few cases are known to have been tested and even if they have, there are many questions over how they were made.

Glassy rocks form naturally under conditions of high temperature and pressures found in and around volcanoes. Glass or glazes are traditionally created using a furnace. Furnace or kiln examples are found on everyday objects such as glassware and ceramics. The ceramics glazes are created by pasting certain finely crushed stones, sometimes with tinctures, onto fired pots and plates. The whole is then fired to temperatures usually in excess of 1000 degrees centigrade".

Glass erratic facings on stone walls and buildings in Peru are considered to be impossibly accomplished by normal means. The heat level needed is quoted as being 1000 degrees centigrade, which is even higher than our Fahrenheit degrees. It is more likely to be Kelvin degrees in our vernacular.

Kelvin has been assumed only to melt steel, but it can also create a shiny glass-like glass on decorative bricks. So if it is possible with bricks, why are the stones of Peru so strange? The reason is that many of the stones were used in situ. . . . a wall was "sort of carved out" of a boulder  so that  the
boulder appeared to have been set in place in such a way a knife blade no matter how fine could not be placed between the stones of the wall,

As usual, mythic animals and miraculous events are very seldom considered when geology or geography dissertations are presented.  As a professor told me in no uncertain terms "If you do not write it the way I want it, you will get an "F" as a grade." Of course, it took about 35 more years more to get to that point. And I was not and am not unhappy with the results.

The myth that came to mind  when I read the paper was one that I had researched a long time ago. Before I knew very much.  I was coming to terms with the Hawaiian myth of the Kelvin heated stones falling from the sky into the Pacific Ocean.  When they reached the water, they bounced in and out of the water, like hot grease bounces out of the frying pan when bacon is being cooked. Hot grease will burn the cook; the wall behind the stove; the floor and any other place it can reach as it bounces.

The best mythic description of such a fall-out into the ocean can be found in Melville, L. called The Children of the Rainbow. It was reported the natives saw this event from canoes and out-riggers. But, it is highly unlikely. Such a fall-out, one that violent, would have created a huge tsunami putting even the stable out-riggers in grave danger.

I tried to imagine what would happen if, as the fragments flew so fast, would it meet the curvature of the earth in transit. About that time, an article about such a spin appeared in Sky  & Telescope magazine  about strange grooves in the earth on the pampas of Argentina.

The  grooves as seen from the air, appeared to be done by a child "skipping stones over  "water," [of a creek]. there were gouges side-by-side all pointing southwest instead of northeast as normal comets do.

It was similar to the one that fell into Lake Texcoco from the Caribbean Sea and bounced backwardsinto the lake. It became known as Huitzilipochtl. The moment he was born, he fought Coyolxauhque, his sister and brothers the stars to keep them from killing Coatlique their mother. Huitzilipochtl, born in the Hill of the Serpents competed with Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl for the important actions each had taken.

Quetzalcoatl was a major contender because he had become a destroyer of the land. Huitzilopochtli carried them away from the Seven Caves where he had protected them into a land mostly of safety, water and finally prosperity. So the emperors honored Huitzilipochtli by wearing his colors and his symbols during their coronation ceremonies. Joyce Marcus gave complete reference in her book about the Maya Script and culture.

The largest chunks sped to the southwestern Argentinian Pampas, “skipping over the earth  "like pebbles skipping in a pond" [westward due to the curvature and the altered spin of earth, south of the equator.]” The smaller ones flew into the North Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, to the mainland of Mexico.

An unknown quantity of those blazing fragments that fell into the Atlantic Ocean would have quickly exploded out of the waters of the Atlantic Deep. The smaller broken pieces because of less weight would have sped faster and farther than expected. They would have followed the curvature of the earth with some strange backward results.

Peru recorded such a drop. Only this one also passed westward through the mountain of Pachatusan in the Andes, then dropped into Lake Quibipay. It was thought a fiery monster had come through the mountain pass. This beast, who took this back road to Peru, was described as:

“a half a league long and thick, and two and a half fathoms in width and came by Yuncaypampa and Cinca, and from there it entered the Lake [of] Quibipay. Then two sacacas of fire came out of Asoncata; [one] came out of Asoncata, and [one] passed Pontina [mountain] of Arequipa, and yet another came down to and passing Guamanca”—-where animals with ears and fangs and whiskers, and with wings, spines like a fish, and ears, and tails and four feet on top of their backs; many appeared to them [to be] all fire.”

Now if the above fireball came through the mountain pass and dropped into Lake Quibipay, would that not be hot enough  [Kelvin degrees over 1000 degrees]: The stellar heat of these fragments was a thousand times hotter (as Kelvin) than the ocean temperature (as Fahrenheit or Celsius). As the waters boiled and erupted, meteorite fragments shattered and flew over a large area, (just as hot grease in a frying pan).

The largest chunks sped to the southwestern Argentinian Pampas, “skipping over the earth  "like pebbles skipping in a pond" [westward due to the curvature and the altered spin of earth, south of the equator.]” The smaller ones flew into the North Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, to the mainland of Mexico.
Peru also recorded such a drop. Only this one "passed westward through the mountain pass of Pachatusan in the Andes, then dropped into Lake Quibipay." It was thought a fiery monster had come through the mountain pass. This beast was never a dragon or a beast of the mountains. It was the hottest fireball ever seen so low on the horizon. Would such a fiery ball be able to scorch and melt into glassy surface so many sundry stones and walls along the way?

Cobo, BernabĂ© Rek= (1611-1639) [d 1657] Relacion of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru.

de JongJan Peter  & Jordan Christopher, (2017) “Evidence of Vitrified Stonework in the Inca Vestiges of Peru." In WordPress of the World Wide Web, [May]

Leinani Melville, (1969) The Children of the Rainbow. [A book about Hawaii and its origins.]

Marcus, Joyce. (1992). Mesoamerican Writing Systems: Propaganda, Myth, and History in Four Ancient Civilizations.  First Edition, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Schultz,  P. H. (1992) Teardrops on the Pampas.  Sky  & Telescope.  April.