Conflicting Essays in scholarship which have been the most engaging research job I have ever done. I have also added, over the years, queries about our "dated" geology with their "computerized" confirmations together with climate changes denied since 1963. The Ten-O'clock News have been telling us to change our clocks for DSL and back again BUT no one as noticed it has been changed, more than a few years ago, from March 31 and October 31, to a week or so earlier or even a week or so later.

Friday, April 28, 2017

A 52-year Cycle?

Why a Fifty-two Year Cycle?  

In Aztec, the names of the double comet are: Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl, the celestial dog who fell to earth to allow the "Sun" (Quetzalcoatl) to live. [In Maya myth, the Sovereign Serpent was mentioned before the Creator Father/Mother. yet, long after the vain appraisal of importance by Seven Macaw.
The Maya had their story of the event as the Twins, Hunahpú and Xbalenqué is an assumption that the Aztecs, began ruling other areas of the Maya, i.e. Tikal, El Zotz, Kaminaljuyu, Copan, etc, and the "Sovereign Serpent" had to replace the original Maya myth [with a reference to the Aztec version of Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl] for political reasons.

The Maya went one step farther. They created Seven Macaw as the pre-comet event, to explain why Quetzalcoatl became a rainbow serpent with the loss of his metallic eye decorations. Izapa Stela 22 and Stela 67, show before and after the arrival of the rainbow, The rainbow information seems to have come from Peru, where the rainbow had a complete room in the temple dedicated to it alone. The two-headed serpent who held up the boat of the snaggle-toothed god, but, the serpents were attached to a belt and pointing downward as the golden god of Peru, which I show here as a constellation. [yet the belt is the boat the hanging serpents are holding down; on the same boat of both Izapa stelae]

The route of this information came through the village of Kaminaljuyu. An iconic carving of a monkey-man with rainbow glyphs on his extremities, and a double-headed serpent held coiled overhead, seems to incorporate all elements of the disaster of the serpent/comet and the arrival of a rainbow element as the tale moved northward into the Maya area.

At no time, are any of the glyphs or pictures the exact same shape as drawn by the original artist in Peru, It is all well and good to trace exact variants within similar stelae in a specific area, but when the distance gets longer, the art work changes drastically.

Here one can re-evaulate the 52 year Cycle based on the Trecena 13, without understanding why the Trecena was actually used. The calculation used for the 52-year cycle is: 676 divided by 13 equals 52. 

Since the Trecena is an agricultural number and not associated with the arrival of the two comets, [on of night and the other of the day]. The calculation, as stated above, was used by an early anthropologist as "676 divided by 13 equals 52." It was a great guess. It had another purpose----one found in the Madrid Codex with the Serpent calendar pages, since proven to be highly inaccurate.

 In section[s] of those pages, the serpent[s] face backward. And each of the backward serpents have something to do with the comet arrivals; All are facing towards the left with halved figures, on the left side of the page, with the rest of the god on the right side of the previous page. This is a clear indication that the Codex was to be read to the left. Since even the Chinese once read their characters to the left, this is not a problem for any culture if they chose to do the same.

The Madrid did not finish the calendar because it could not (with four days per week) created 52 weeks for that series of days. In the last IMIX and IK columns near the very end of the calendar, there is a Kimi [death glyph] in each column. The meaning is that the artist failed to create the 52 weeks with the 5.25 extra days in the 365-day year. It just would not work out, either with the IMIX or with the IK as the first glyph of the "Trecena." Even the stars refused to set themselves in their old places in the sky.
The proof of a correct 52-year cycle came when the expected arrival of the comet in 2012 did not materialize. Actually, it had already come in 2008. It lit up Mount Rainier like a Christmas Tree. The children ran to their parents thinking that T-Rex was stomping around outside; the earth seemed to be trembling and the noise was like the "movie roars" of T-Rex. [Parents groggy with sleep thought they had slept through their alarm clocks and now were late for work: at least until they turned on the TV or radio and found out it was only a meteorite rushing across the sky.]

However, there is a great problem with the division presented above.  The 52 is designated as a group of years. Yet, the Eurasian agricultural world knows that food is produced on a yearly basis, beginning with spring, summer, autumn and winter. They followed the stars during those seasons and had crops every year----celebrating a good harvest with new clothing and new implements for their farm. Some people even built new homes during the winter season, if it was not too cold.

Why The 52-year Cycle Became a Reality

When Spain conquered the New World, the decision was made by the rulers of Spain, because the native population counted only on their fingers and maybe even used their toes there was no way they knew what a 360-day year was or when a 365-day year evolved. Only the glorious ancient Roman ruler, Julius Caesar, was supposedly capable of re-adjusting the stars by mandating a longer year of 445-days in the first century, so the seasons would realign with European farming methods.

The whole of both Americas, supposedly was only inhabited by primitive natives.  The Trecena was taken from the three sections of four circles within small triangles [Green] directly under three fire glyphs {Orange] of the two serpents on the stone.The large star between the four circles probably was meant to be a knot on the cords of a single year  [Brown].  So the 52-year cycle was a decision made for the strange stone calendar age 676-years and was thought to be very appropriate..
                            His wife, of the great waves of water

The extra number of the Trecena, computer the 13th is only a repetition of the very first. It is a loop command for the continuation of the first twelve numbers 

It was a necessary for the first milpa to lie fallow until it can assimmilate the nutrients necessary for another good harvest  of maize. The other two years follow the same three year cycle with each new revolution of the Trecena.

The process is called Swinden farming did not begin until the IXth century AD during the Classic Maya period. According to Karle Taube in [1983,7] "The Classic Maya Maize God: A Reappraisal"  
[In  Fifth Round Table, Pre-Columbian Art. Ed.: Merle Greene [1985, 171-181],  San Francisco, California.]                                

The raw question is "Why would farmers who always followed the stars to plant, and reap their crops ever consider a 52-year cycle, when they lived in a 52-week, 360-day world? 

As a theoretical question, it tells us that the formulae for computing the calendar glyphs are done in a manner which does not honor the agricultural time scale of the Trecena. The corrections can be found in the Madrid paper computed earlier, after I came back from the New Orleans CSSM meeting.
The Madrid was set up to read the Ik, Manik, Eb, Caban sequencce with insertions of 19 days of 4 days per week between each of the four Trecena markers across. It was the across set, that was started in 1583 by church mandate, [whatever that was during the Inquisition] so that the across sequence failed to create 52 weeks.
The same sequence read downwards the same way.  Both across and down weeks revolved indiviually just as the lemons and cherries on the One-armed Bandits of Gambling halls in Reno, Las Vegas and Atlantic City.  Only the Trecena was more sedate. It only changed in proper sequence since no bets were forthcoming.

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Florida IS Sinking back into the Swamp Lands It Once Was.

Just got off a Florida page and found many people attempting to correct the Miami and Miami Beach images in City efforts to save all Florida tourist havens, as far north and west as possible. What from? Why from the increasingly frequent flooding of the east, south and west shorelines.

The complaint is that it is only Climate Change that is doing the damage. That would be nice. However, Climate Change is a much slower process. What is happening then, in Miami and in Miami Beach and other Floridia cities, gradually being inundated area?  It is that the builders who are Northeran Snowbirds are positively sure that bigger and better buildings in the more popular areas are the things to create for other affluent people who can afford outrageous prices for condos which MIGHT be destroyed by Climate Change shortly.  Such building are still being built in Miami. Some older ones need certain adjustments to offset the inconvience of water incursions.

Make the areas look like New York City; or Austin, Texas; or cities in Los Angeles/Hollywood areas of mansions and pools. [H.m.m.m California seems to be sliding into the Pacific, just about the same way that Florida is sliding into the Atlantic.]

The difference between the two coast lines is that California has mountains and cliffs that are eroding due to massive, expensive showcase homes built on eroding cliff sides.  On the other coast, Florida is becoming the New York City of the south.

What architect in his right mind would build tall very expensive hotels and condominiums in a swamp? If even one of them, would go back and read about the Barefoot Mailman, who made the trek along the coast of  Florida in the early years of Mr. Flagler and his railroad; he, or even a she, would find that the poor main carrier was constantly facing swamps and gators;  lots of slimy soil. and difficult to walk on sand.

In the beginning, the houses on the coast were small homes, one story with proper hurricane shutters. Now, the builders for the small homes are touting sealed windows, electricity and air conditioning so that owners could weather out a hurricane while watching their television with chips and dips; at least until the roofs would be whipped away by hurricane winds.

Architects of the area schools dreamed of patios made with lots of screens against mosquitoes. Hurricane shutters that let in the air without letting in the rains and the wind and only small indoor spaces, for privacy with lots more open areas for the cool semi-tropical breezes.

Now, the perfectly designed hurricane shutters which lasted with their protected homes, are now gone. New roofs get blown away, screens are ripped off, and trees are overturned during the such hurricanes. Steel and metal signs are twisted into grotesquely distorted shapes.

Once an elderly person called the Hurricane Center in Coral Gables and asked why they did not tell homeowners to open a window or a door on the calm side of the house and shut the door on the wind side of the house during hurricanes. [They also had to remember to tell the home owners to reverse the procedure when the hurricane turned the winds and calm around in opposite directions.]

That person was told that it was only an Old Wive's tale and Useless in the hurricanes of Miami. The buildings got to be tall apartment buildings, and finally taller condos. The soil could be corrected it was believed. Yet, the land itself is sinking. Coral rock is not stable when the seas turn to acid. Coral Reefs are dying. Coral rock is disintegrating under the land. Slowly due to the acids and
pressure from buildings that are huge and heavy; or from ordinary jetties that make each stretch of beach in front of each hotel, privatized areas for every hotel along the ocean front.

Jetties along a beach to make a private water entrances on the shores of an ocean can and has destroyed beautiful homes, good roads by simple "wave-action" erosion. A young woman, maybe 20 or so who I once knew, showed us the remains of the house she had grown up in. It consisted of a tier of bricks about five high at a broken bare corner. No other evidence was there of the beautiful villa that her parents had built at the back of the wide impressive beach at the edge of the ocean.

The corner of the building was only four bricks wide. The beach she used to play on was wide and safe, until someone decided that nearby they would build a hotel for the tourist ships along the coast.  Now, the jetties are two expensive to move away and the road had great chunks taken out of one side. The useless street lamps are beginning to rust and lean over.

The public rest room pieces were all over the sand near the jetty-made "cove." The only places that survived the winds and the waves were the rude huts set up for selling food and trinkets to the mythical future tourist trade. They were covered with sand up to the tops of their counters.

And now, both Flagler Street in Miami and the Fontainebleau Hotel and others in Miami Beach are flooded during such  hurricanes. But no one knows why.  Think!  The answers are there in Florida because as the water is rising due to climate change; the land itself is sinking in protest!  Or hadn’t anyone noticed? The land will return to its former swampy condition soon enough, unless we stop Climate Change and huge chemical infusions into the land and waters nearby.

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

"Hand of God" via NASA's Chandra Telescope

NASA  called this Nebula the Hand of God
It was photograph via the Chandra Telescope in Harvard.

       It  was told during the nights when the campfires were low and the skies sparkled with the newly emerged Milky Way.

      The men merchants who carried the tale from Greece to the Orient and back again. Or was it carried by Greeks from the sea of China all the way to Greece as the pure Greek tale of a war that included a star event that no one wanted to remember; except as the tale of a beautiful goddess who came with them through the Hittite land-locked empire along about the VIIth century AD. 

     Homer thought it was a great story for both men and boys. Homer called it the "Iliad" and his sequel was the continuing tale of Ulysses and his Odyssey across both land and seas to return home to Greece.  He  arrived just in time to save his faithful wife from the clutches of the myriad suitors who were vying for her hand in marriage. They figured if they told Penelope that Ulysses was obviously dead often enough---she would relent and marry one of them, at least before Ulysses might return.  [The war had already been reported----months ago and no one reported that he had gotten killed in battle.]


As you have read above, the Iliad version is a very, very interesting story about brave men who went on to do battle for a lovely woman.  A great tale that Homer wrote out so that all could enjoy it as it was told to him. I would like you to NOT forget the story, but to look at the gods who engineered the battle from the heavens.

They were sky gods who were constellations, planets, Bi-Polar Jet about to explode, that was the Blue Moon, we only know as the extra moon shining late in any one month to amaze and tempt us to believing it was a bit of sky magic, when it was only common, ordinary astronomy.

However, none of those stellar gods in the sky ever thought about all the complex mathematics we consider to be astronomy today. Instead, Astro-gods were described in rollicking, active once- upon-a-time stories describing all the foibles of mankind, both good and bad. 

Every star watcher in the known or unknown world, put their own spin on the tales. Each land used the tales in useful ways to teach their young men and women everything known about life as it was before books were printed. The books became so technical that only those with a college education could understand "proper" data only with BA, MA, or PhD, The lessons of life with their, sometimes, complex adventures were too difficult for the mathematicians so they eliminated the fancy words and replaced them all with numbers and only factual data about our world today.

The story I am going to "translate" is not as long as the Iliad or the Odyssey, It is only a small short version of the wounded wrist of Aphrodite and how it became a Nebula in the Southern skies. And how those words do describe our own modern astronomy WITHOUT all the numbers and calculations we need to understand the stars.

      The Maya and the Mixtec saw another version of the sky Hand. Eric Thompson first mentioned the hand of god his book Maya Hieroglyphic Writing, [that I found on page 132 of the 1971 fourth printing of the third edition of his book.]

     An association which brings together death or sacrifice, stone knife, and hand is to be found in the Yucatec name for the knife which is:  u kab ca (ku0  or "the Hand of God. (Scholes and Adams, 1938, 1:42)"

     It was not discovered until NASA's Hubble via the Chandra Space Telescope found the nebula. NASA named it "The Hand of God."  It was a few months later that I found this nebula could only be found in the constellation Compass located near the South Pole over the Pacific Ocean. The strange part about the Maya and Mixtec information was that this nebula was seen by them in the center of their area of the sky. Yet, it may only be the southern view of the Summer Triangle that was discovered in Peru, with Vega at the top of the constellation instead of Deneb. But moved down to the Antarctica when Aphrodite was told to get away from the conflict of the Iliad.

     North of the Equator Vega is to the right of the Milky Way within the constellation Lyra. while Deneb is at the top of that triangle created by Vega, and Altair [in Aquila] is far left of the Milky Way.

       Stela 22 and Stela 67 of Izapa are taken into consideration as actual records of the fact that time except for the extra days added by the earth's new lopsided 23.5 degree spin from the Tropic of Cancer in the north and as far south with another 23.5 degrees to the Tropic of Capricorn in the south.

     The Persians saw the NASA version with an insignificant tube that had the appearance of the very first cannon used in XVth century Europe.  It even leaned on a "Y" stick as the cannon did. However, the piece illustrated in the panel of Mithra, located in Rome (Sesti, (1966, 63) was the telescope that was used to see the constellation illustrated at its tip as a bull (not Taurus), It may have been a wild boar in Persia. But that is unknown at this time.

     The Maya "square" sky symbol enclosing with two hands and the feet around it, probably indicated the path where this nebula was seen around the square world that they were believed to be their version of the earth in similarly-shaped Yucatan.

      The question then remains, are the above "Hands" also part of the stories that the Maya glyphs are portraying on the various stelae around Mesoamerica?  Is is part of the story of the Popol Vuh and the birth of the Twin comets (from the spittle [sperm] of One Hunahpú's skull, which is also nother nebula shaped as a head with an open mouth. Its astronomy name is NGC7000 and is located near Deneb of the Summer Triangle.

     The Twins, was soon to be born from Blood Moon, their mother who lived near the Milky Way as a soon-to-explode star near Vega which is located in the constellation Lyra, the Turtle. For the Turtle one has to return to the Greek music contest between  Hermes. and Apollo. Hermes is supposed to have created the Lyre from the carapace of the turtle. He won the contest easily.

        Blood Moon's iconography was found in the Nuttall Codex undeer a different name:

       Thw Lady is a spinner but she is not spinning thread  So her spindle is an icon that informs the viewer that she herself is the spinning star (called a Bi-Polar Jet in proper astronomy terms) Although the atl-atl [spear] is shown, the date glyph is called, by Robert Williams, "Two Reed," in his book about the codex. So there may have been a "fix" to fit a different calendar name.  We should not forget the two comet stars on the head of a serpent used as her special headdress and finally, the glyph name under "2-Reed" having five distinct units: 

      The [1] debris being flung away from the [2] central spinning star (seen on the Lady's blue apron);  [3] the thicker red ring between the two is the same as the "Hand of God." NASA photographed [see above};this star as a nebula in of the constellation Compass over the South Pacific Ocean; [4] the Macaw with the [5] hand and fingernails as its crest is just another reference to the fact that she also was called a Macaw OR the "Hand of God" by NASA.

       The last part of the story of this lady's journey around the world is in the Iliad as it passed through Turkey as Aphrodite. She tried to help her hero-warrior gain his love, Helen. 
However, the goddess was wounded in her wrist. She went to her father Zeus to complain, but was told to stay away from the battle. The blood that flowed from her wrist was called ICHOR in the Iliad and treated as an unknown word with no meaning other than the blood of a sky-goddess.

        As usual, I got curious enough to check the dictionaries I had found as I attempted to learn about other alphabets. With no other thought in mind, I went for the Latin, and the Greek languages, which included a line of text over a break across the Xanthus 44 monument in Lycia. The library had a German and a Turkish dictionary on a smaller shelf. I got even more curious.

        The curiosity got to be more productive than I imagined. The word ICHOR was actually in the Turkish dictionary. And its definition was that of "long-burning cinders."  Not blood at all. The merchants who saw the nebula during their journeys, somehow decided that the Turkish definition was not fit for a real goddess of beauty and decided she spilled her [blue] blood for her hero-warrior. It was a better fit than cinders falling from the sky.

       And it just happened to match the Aztec Sun Stone Age of Tlaloc who sent down a burning rain, that the translator of the Maya Popol Vuh decided it was probably LIKE Resin or Turpentine.

        Thus ends the story of the rains from the "gods," who circle the world as constellations and nebulas; who have been identified as a great variety of gods and goddesses in the astro-world above the earth.

Monday, March 6, 2017

Repost from JUly 7, 2012 re Climate Change

"Climate Change: Scientists have been warning the global community about this alteration of stars at least since 2003."

A postscript to  Climate Change I, July 7, 2012;
and Climate Change II, July 20, 2014!

Our present “climate change” is a bit slow. During the years, our DSL our summer change, has moved from October and March 31st, to three weeks earlier.  So far, no one has cared, one way or another.

Most people listen to the ten o’clock newscast and when the commentator tells them to change the hour from Midnight, to an hour earlier or later, they dutifully change their clock before they retire for the night. The time is set each summer and removed each autumn.,

This year it is three weeks before March 31!  Sure we are having a climate change. :Three weeks before the time that used to be normal for 23.5 degrees from the Tropic of Cancer in the North, to 23.5 degrees to the Tropic of Capricorn in the South. How many degrees are we off NOW?  Three weeks earlier?
Yet, in spite of these newscasters making sure we know when to change DLS, none of them told us that is was one, two or three weeks earlier.  Yet, it has begun to alter itself over years.

February this year in Texas was as windy and as hot and uncomfortable as March in previous years.  Now that March has officially come around, its first few days were OK, but then the rains of April began in earnest; now a week at a time. Now, in almost dry Texas, that IS Climate Change! Did the ancient Change in Climate really occur within 10 days a long time?  What is changing our spinning Earth NOW?
Or was it just 10 hours of a very cold blast of stellar air that froze the mammoths of Russia so they stopped eating green vegetables just before they died of the cold. Their frozen bodies were found along the river covered for years in the frozen mud. A short time ago [by comparison] they became unfrozen, as the air in Russia got warmer.
[Russia celebrated with a great dinner of mammoth flesh. All participants enjoyed the meat, pleasantly surprised. It tasted like ordinary meat.]
Return to older version:

     On January 6, 2011, the Tampa Tubune stated that, after commenting on the fact that the compass readings posted at the ends of runways designated for approaching planes had been changed by 10 degrees; they also commented that our North Pole was now located over Russia.  
     Would that not put the US in a different climate zone? 

     A commentary after that article was from an ex-air-force pilot [?} who commented that the compass coordinates on runways at the USAF airports had been changed [more than a few] times [?}since 1982 when he was in the air force. His comment came after he had read in the Tribune about such airport runway coordinates for approaching planes in Tampa, Florida had to be corrected by 10 degrees.

      [The in-coming pilots had enough to do getting the plane landed. Recalculating the location of coordinates for each landing plane was wasting the necessary and critical time needed for landing procedures.] Have the Climate Scientists missed that edition?

The reporter of the Tampa Tribune probably got dismissed for poking around in the wrong area of the airport. The military had to cover all the bases for any disturbance and they did. Anyway who understands 2.8 million tons of thrust for each foot of space?  Who understands that comets can do the same thing with a few dozen stones that fall from the sky and much faster than a mere twenty or forty years of thrust by mechanical means?

Our Earth was once upon a time hit by such meteorites but not 65 mya [million years ago]. The event is still recorded as the "Creation of the World" in many places, like caves, tombs, underground havens. Who knows what other hiding places humans could find in time, even the catacombs of Italy?

Merchants with a lot of extra supplies, who listened to astronomers, stored their caches over time, so had a money flow, even then. Nothing strange about that. The worst was when few people thought it would only last a short time. They ended up eating "cinta," fodder for the animals that they slaughtered for food. It was better than nothing; until it became "teocinta," a god's gift to mankind.

The strikes in Nova Scotia, the Yucatan, the shores of the Carolinas, the middle of Germany and the middle of the Sahara.  And why not in Peru, Argentina, Lake Texcoco as a backlash due to the curvature of the Earth?  

Why not? Our Earth spins a complete 360.15 degrees (Circle) now every 24 hours. So what is located south of the Equator has a different orientation by the time, the comet completes its trip circuling the earth.  So a comet going east would be going west by the time it got below the Equator.

So what is in store for us when we succeed in finding another Earth-like planet?

[See Climate Change I I    July 7. 2012]

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

The Mysterious XIIth Century Evacuation

 The Mysterious XIIth Century Evacuation of the Americas

In Aztec land, histories were rewritten by four elders left behind (by whom?) in Tenochtitlan. Who had given such instructions? This may have been part of the XIIth century evacuation of once useless land, foreign visitors had accepted all up and down the western coast of Mesoamerica.
The twelfth century evacuation has always been a mystery.

The native population had .recovered from their stay in the caves just before the comet Quetzalcoatl arrived with Xolotl trailing behind. At that time. the whole of the east coast had been inundated when Xolotl sacrificed himself so that the  Sovereign Serpent, the Sun could live. The stars had danced with joy, The natives did not even think they had moved too far from their prior locations. The stars seemed to be correct. Stars never moved from their proper sequence; so ”not to worry.” They had just moved to one hour earlier than their usual pace.

Due to the changing of the star patterns in the sky, the natives did not know how to recover their soil so it could be replanted successfully. Seasons no longer arrived on time for planting before the rains? Such information is on the stelae and in the records that have been drawn as codices.

The dattes are given in proper numeric order. As clearly as the numbers are written down, there has been much dispute about how they should be counted. Both Venus and Earth had to be calculated together to find a coefficient with the Planet Venus. It was calculated to be 819 years later that the two planets arrived at the same information that was noted in the first year. Even so, an accidental number emerged at some point. The number was 16 which when divided into the 819 sequence created a proof that a 52-year cycle for the First Fire was a valid conclusion.
However, that is not how a coefficient should be calculated. Even so it made computer-sense for a 52-year cycle. After all, no-one would ever question computer generated charts. If the 819 years when both Venus and Earth were already equalized as the standard. No one would ever look for an accidental “16” when it alone balanced the Earth to [51,1875 or] 52-years so perfectly.

So we will leave that problem for the calendar makers to solve.  At leat, Earth’s year was known to need 365.25-days and Venus was known to need 224.7-days to orbit the Sun. Together they paced each other against the Excel program until these two numbers came together again on line 819. Hooray!
A new type of compost to revive the soil for productive farming was necessary. Swidden agriculture----a slash and burn process----was the most used in other countries. The only catch was that each piece of land had to remain fallow for two years. So that each person needed one milpa of land to clear every three years. An attempt was made for a tone-year wait; however, it could not produce enough maize to sustain a family and still grow enough extra to sell at a good price.

Still, the mystery of the sudden abandonment of those small colonies of stramgers who had helped the natives realign their star views so their farms [milpas] became more productive has not been answered. Would it be in error to look to Europe for the answer; even though the natives had never communicated with the continent before the fifteenth century?

In which country was swidden agriculture used the most? Well, the word iteself is from Old Norse: svithinn, which is the part particple of switha - to burn, to singe. As an English dialect, it remained as Swidden: a burned clearing. By 1951 it was a temporary agricultural process produced by cutting back and burning off vegetative cover.

The Norse Incursions

From the European shores on the Atlantic Ocean, the Vikings were thought to be the very first of the European travelers to come our way. The Ericsson family [Eric the  Red, Leif, and Thorwald] have been determined to have arrived on the coast of Newfoundland or New England, I believe. His brother Thorwald arrived in 1003 AD,  south of New England.

However, when one reads about the early voyages of the Norseman, it was not Leif Ericson who came first, but his father Eric the Red, about 1000 AD. Thorfinn [Porfinn] Karlsefni. was said to have gone to Vinland in 1007 and stayed for three years. The exact date of his voyage is still uncertain. If the chronology of Thorfinn’s saga, another adventurer in the Norse lands, is accepted, Porfinn’s expedition was in 1003-07 or 1007-11. This confusion was duie to the spelling differences between the Norse Grammar lesson (Gorden) and the official “Dictionary of Discoveries” version by Langnas.

As for Leif Ericson, he had been a warrior prince. His voyages were those of conquest. [Thorfinn] Porfinn Karlsefni appeared to have been just as a “visitor” or a  “Curious Tourist” to other shores. He made few observations about his travels but when he returned home, those he did make were only those his countrymen would understand. No other manuscript has shown up to prove or disprove these observations, even though [Thorfinn] Porfinn Karlsefni’s descriptions of the lands he visited are reasonable.
One of [Thorfinn] Porfinn’s more interesting and insightful observations was based on the farm equipment of his homeland: the threshing sticks used during the harvest. They consist of a long pole with a short chain and a very short section of the same pole at the end of that chain. The clacking noise they made as they were swung into harvested grain was a reassuring sound to a farmer who spent months looking after his farm. The clacking of the threshing sticks meant that all is hard work during the previous months produced a plentiful harvest.

 Swedish Threshing Poles
At San Antonio, Texas Museum. 1992 = [A long pole with a short chain attached to a short stick.]

Porfinn Karlsefni stated :"the natives were in their canoes: and staves were waved from the canoes, and made “a noise, very like threshing [poles]. They were waved in the direction of the sun’s course.

Now, this appears to be an unreasonable statement. The translator assumed that it had been a "religious ceremony using rattle-sticks" Everyone who has paddled a canoe knows it is not a very good place to have an arm-swinging, body weaving ceremony to a god. Especially if all moved in unison. There would be boat-tipping. The smaller the canoe or flatboat is, the easier it would have been to tip over.

The only thing that Porfinn could have heard, that even remotely sounds like the threshing sticks he referred to, was once found in Lake Texcoco, the ancient lake system of Mexico. Weir Gates, half under water, opened with the incoming tide, and allowed fish to enter the area of the lake. When the tide went out, the gates would clank shut----(sounding much like the northern threshing sticks)----trapping the fish in the shallow waters where the boatmen could easily capture them.  [See The Vinland Map For the map of XVIth century Groenland, by Siurdi Sephani in 1579]

A new item turned up recently (IX.2016.17). It was an article by Karl Taube dated (1983, 171-181). It was about the Classic Maya Maize God: A Reappraisal. On the very first page a strange new non-Maya word occurred. The word “Swidden” was defined as a dialect of the Old English language as “a burned clearing.” Probably from Old Norse word: Svithinn [past participle of swidden, to burn or singe” By 1951, it was "a burning of a temporary plot. produced by cutting back [and burning off] vegetative cover." [Websters, 1986, 1193]

In short, farm lands (all over the world), swidden-farming was never associated with common cartographic works as a necessary step to research those early maps being printed in text books today.
What is Left to Consider about the Evacuations
From the Americas During the XIIth Century?

If the “swidden” farming method was brought by the Norse, to the New world, is not a provable item. The Itzaeae (according to de Landa) were those who aided the Maya helping them recover from a severe famine caused by the shifting of the stars. “Itzae” carries only a definition of “foreigner.” The Norse Grammar is not a complete manuscript. So where Porfinn traveled is still hidden information. On what waterway he traveled is also an unknown factor.

All that can be proven is through cartography and through the ruling governments of  Europe. Since all kingdoms on the Continent were ruled by Papal approval, the Inquisition has to be acknowledged as a moving force during the XIIth century AD.  By that century, the Crusades were on its last battlegrounds.

Saladin, the last great leader of the enemy of the Church, gambled for time by inviting the Crusader leaders into long drawn out dinners and entertainment. His negotiations were cautious and futuristic; at least, until his troops could be reorganized with new arrivals.

The general rule for Saladin to get new reinforcements from colonies, was strictly regulated by the amount of income produced by their trade activities. One man was to be sent for a certain amount of income the colony earned by trade. Due to the gold available to the colonies, for a minimum of trade items, ALL men  in each colony had to go to help the Islamic ruler, who at that time, was Saladin. :The mesoamerican eastern and western colonies were decimated quickly. The wives who were not strong or wise enough to keep the trust of their workers, lost their colonies by default.


So with such bad news coming from the Middle East, the comfort and peaceful existence of the colonies had to disband. Just to make sure no record was left in the New World about the identity of the colonists; records had to be revised if they could not be destroyed, and the movable items, like personal  religious and astronomy records were  taken with the new wartime conscripts. What was left, was the Mystery of the XII AD evacuation process. This type of information was naturally lost when when one, figuratively, exams problematic corpuscles of blood instead of the reactions of the problematic reactions within the whole body.

Sunday, February 19, 2017

The Radish Journey Northward


  The Northern Journey of the Radish

When I was preparing my presentation about the Nasca Lines for the University of Calgary, I realized there were two long radish-like images with three lobes on the top of the greenery, on the Nascaplain. These were separated by a huge empty space.  I had seen copies of the Mixtec and Maya codices but I could not find such an image in those codices.

Many years later, as I laid out a zodiac through the astronomy website NightSkies, I found two serpents both sides of a constellation called Ophiuchus but not the radish-like configurations I had seen on the Nasca drawings.

However, I had to go to the dentist. The Nasca paper had to wait a bit. In telling the dentist about my newest sky project, he made the comment that he and his wife had gone to New Zealand. On the way back, lying home  his wife was looking out the window and commented Orion was upside-down. When asked why, she said: “Well, because the constellations we see are actually upside down south of the Equator.

In India, Praji Pata was a horned, seated constellation before the Earth shifted 23.5 degrees, Praja Patic acquired feet. I read a description of Ophiuchus in Richard Allen’s Star Names and found one of the names identified for Ophi was Orion. Another  name for it was the "blind god." So I went searching for a blind god in the Maya codices The Dresden Codex has one with three cloths, knotted over its eyes.[D-50b]

Over its had a pair of gods, one with the "sun" headdress of the God in the Land of the Dead [D'-47b]; the other, wearing a jawless skull as a headdress on his spotted, diseased body (of the sun we see every day).[D-50a] In Kaye Almere Read's poem, the Aztec version of the Birth of the Fifth Sun, this diseased sun god would peel off and throw those scabs away.  [In Astronomy, the process is known as "sun flares" often seen being blown off the face of our sun.]

Between these two glyph pictures is a text beginning with the Hand thought to have been the Moon, while from the west, came the blazing comet, carrying two gods, Tecuiçiztecatl, the ashy moon, and Nanahuatzin, the sun, as the eyes of the "venus" glyph. In Maya, these famous Twins are Hunahpú and Xbalenqué. They can be found earlier in the Dresden: as a headless Hunahpú, [In the Maya Popol Vuh. it was in the bat house of Xbalba where and when he lost his head] Here, his arms are roped; Xbalenqué behind him with the comet's rattle [noisemaker] in his hand.[D-02a].

That was easier than searching for radishes. Usually, the blind god wore a blindfold over his eyes. In the Madrid, a jaguar image was used to indicate the night time skies, where such astronomy figures are to be found. But, there is no Ophiuchus associated with the Twins.

Bingo! I found the blind god in the mouth of a huge jaguar with three deer hooves and one hand, but not with a blindfold, only with sightless eyes. On the "blind god" was a three lobed radish-like plant used as an earbob. The colored version also shows two bright fire stars (as numbers, one in front and the other in back of the jaguar..[M-39c]  Whoa! That might well indicate that the Peruvians and the Maya were in an astronomy school together.

Radishes, cabbages and other vegetables, south of the Equator are huge. Not the tiny commercially grown vegetables that we have in the states. So the placement of a radish image is justifiable. Was Nasca the “triangulation from the sky to the earth” practice area for the Peruvian astronomy school?

I wrote up the presentation along those lines, collected the pictures for it and put it on my web site after the presentation was over. I called it “The Radish.” Then I forgot about it. It was a little later when Bodley page 26 popped up. I had acquired books from John Pohl’s  class about the Bodley Codex, and started to browse through it during my lunch. Hm.m.m, John had mentioned a year sign (the A/O) that had acquired the shape of a serpent for decorative purposes only.

I got the page off my CD and blew it up in Paint and started to fill in the missing segments of the images. It is easier for me to “understand” what I am looking at, if I trace out the details . . . even if I do not draw the whole image, I get a better view of what is there that way.

I had finished the top line and was about to close the program when suddenly I “saw” the upside down star viewer the astronomers used. Oh. . . and the footprint path was white. It either meant “death” or “snow” Now where would the Maya find snow?

And why was the viewer upside down? The dentist! The constellation was upside down for the star viewer. Another tidbit of information made itself known. In Oaxaca, there is a carved radish festival every Christmas season. The radish image and Christmas would only be important if the “radish” image was associated with a god or with a star formation.

In Oaxaca, Orion was the Christmas star formation at this time, but, in Peru during the same season, Ophiuchus as the "blind " god with his two serpent figures? Where----the radish-forms were on the plain----was the Peruvian constellation Ophiuchus or Orion? A different constellation appears in the Spring time north of the Equator and was called the Summer Triangle. No wonder nothing in Maya astronomy seems to work out correctly.

 Checking my older notes, I found that Oaxaca to the Yucatan had the transmission of metallurgy from Peru. They were using such techniques for a long time.  The Bodley Codex, yes, informed the Maya of their marriage, but instead it was the story of their legal son, Three Dog. They were to send him to school in another land.

Their son was to be their personal astronomer/astrologer. For this reason, he was sent over the snow to the southern mountain government located at Nasca. The codex is telling us about the  history of student astronomers who traveled from other countries, including Mexico. to learn the fine points of star triangulation. They go to Observation Hill on Sandy River for their triangulation from sky to earth lessons.

It is probable that the Peruvians had to erase Ophiuchus from the plains and instead of the serpents, placed the “radish-like” forms because they had their own radish festival to honor of this constellation. A festival that was probably wiped out intentionally by the Inquisition as well.

As it was, Ophiuchus, the constellation that bisect the two “radish-like” images are seen and accepted as right-side up in Nasca, Peru. . . because it is directly on the equator and has a star on the top often drawn as his pointed hat AND the Peruvian view of this constellation. So that both Orion and Ophiuchus have a very similar shape. Except that Ophiuchus often is shown with a star on its chest. The main image therefore changes to a house with a pointed roof. The star is a benign star often called Good Luck. [Maybe when Seven Macaw lost his turquoise blue teeth?? But again, how did Seven Macaw get into this part of the story????]

During the time I was in Ecuador, I had no idea Naosca even existed. [When I was in Quito, Ecuador I would walk through the zocalo ["market" in Mexico] in awe of the huge vegetables in front of the farmers. I would stand near the buyers and listen to the prices, amazed. Although not expensive using US money,  They were always beyond the money in my pocket at the time.]  These veggies----the super-sized radishes----were not so different in size from those measured out on the plains of Nasca.
The Radish Festival in Oaxaca 2007
The Summer Triangle, [The Corn God, 
missing here] Three Dog and The Goddess 
of the Twisted Headdress

A harvest festival  that was probably wiped out eventually by the Inquisition as well, but later, created in Mexico as a fun thing by the homesick princess named Xonaxi Quecuya [or coya] discovered by Joyce Marcus in one of her Mixtec tax tables. The princess lived in a town called Tacolula, Mitla..[Table 7.6]

Coya is the term in Peru for a daughter of the Sun, or a princess of the Inca ruler. 

That would explain why Oaxaca was interested  metallurgy with gold and silver from Columbia and Ecuador.. Oaxaca had the gold of the Aztecs, but not the process . . . . . until the Princess as an envoy, or as a future wife for the Oaxacan dynastic ruler in Mixtec lands. It made for a very interesting investigation. How did Three Dog's parents pay for his lessons? Why did he take the Goddess of the Twisted Headdress with him on his journey?  Many questions have to be answered before the story can be made into a real history event. H.m.m.m. . 

Thursday, February 2, 2017

The Date of 4 Ahau 8 Kumk’u as April 18, 411 AD

Naturally, 4 Ahau is a Day name, but 8 Kumk’u was never a month name until the Spanish rulers decided to create "month names" that would fit the Aztec/Maya calendar system sufficiently as to be able to correlate with the Spanish version of months/year, within the newly created months/year 1583-1584 for Nueva España as the Aztec/Maya versions of their 18 months of 20 days in a 365.25-day year. (This information can be found in The Book of the Year by Munro S. Edmonson, (1988, 178)

However, there was no great rush to teach the natives anything about the months, except the very simplified Julian Calendar.  The “month names remain linguistically undocumented.”(1988, 211) It never stopped the scholarly population from using the month names within their presentations as soon as they verified the 819 year correlation as a fixed, [although still faulty] detail. Everyone is attempting to justify the discrepancies they find.

One calculation David Stuart (2011) did was explained in The Order of Days. as 4 Ahau, 8 Kumk’u that added up to 244,9648 days, beginning with the calculation 9 x 144,000 = 1,296,000 days. (Stuart, 2011, 169).

Whoa!!!!  In the other side of the world, the same number, without the last zero, was used to make a strange statement:  The Creation of the World. Stela C and Altar Q also wrote about the Creation of the World. My, what a coincidence.

Leonardo da Vinci teased the mathematical world by attempting to square a circle.  (When all failed the math problem, da Vince decided to tell every one where to find the answer; he put a rebus at the end of his signature. (National Geographic, April/May 2015) He drew a square within a square. This told the world that he would eventually find the way to prove it was possible in Geometry. Yet, the geometry part of the problem was not 4 x 4 which would square a cube, or a rectangle;  it  was instead 129600 / 360: the number of days in a year before it became 365.25 as he knew it then; as we know it now.

Apparently, it had been decided that the native population in Nueva España would not protest, because of the superior intelligence of the Europeans. This is a nice way of saying, the natives knew nothing about calendars. [Book reading intelligence always superceded picture writing all over the world.]

David Stuart did a great job finding multiple translations [below], and his work is too good to be truncated with paraphases, so I have included it as he wrote it on page 216-219 of The Order of Days (David Stuart 2011):

a. “This  4 Ahau 8 Kumk’u date is explained in considerable detail in the inscription of a tall monument erected in the ruins of Quiriguá, Guatemala, known to archaeologists  as Stela C.”
b. “The left side begins with an Initial Series date, a Long Count, written as, 4 Ahau 8 Kumk’u. A record of the events of that momentous day comes (see page 218). In the first we find a small X-like element, which we know from Maya syntax represents the core or “root” of  a verb. There is some evidence, not completely secure as yet, that this X-sign reads jel , a word in Maya languages that might sound familiar from earlier discussions in Chapter 3 meaning “to switch” or “to change-over”.

The X-like element, David Stuart mentions above can also indicate “sky bands.” but his other translation jel,  meaning “to switch” or “to change-over” was perfect. His next question “What changed?” can be answered easily with spelling: ”image,” “form,” or “mask.”

What changed? , that is what we see in the next glyph, the subject of the verb. Here we have a sequence of two syllables k’o  and ba. In a parallel case the same glyph blocks to be spelled k’o-jo-ba, suggesting that the Quiriguá glyph is a shorted form of the word k’oj ba, perhaps pronounced and spelled sometimes as k’o-ba.  The best reading of this word, I believe, is based on the root k’oj, meaning “image, mask.” In Yucatec Mayan, the equivalent of k’ohbäil, “image, form, portrait, “ and in Ch’ol Mayan the equivalent is k’ohbäjil, with a somewhat related meaning of “head, face.” Both of these are in turn related to the widespread Mayan word k’oj, meaning “mask.” The idea of these obvious related concepts centers on the key notion that one’s head or face is what conveys one’s image and identity.  

But only if we accept the 129600 as the "face of the earth had been changed". The whole idea is that the three hearthstones were “set” at this time, explained on Stela C at Copan. And Altar Q mentions the name of one of the rulers as “Great Sun, Turtle, Macaw, Lake.”  The Great [Star comet] is locaeted in the Turtle [constellation], and also called [Seven] Macaw, at the [Lake.] Now, it could have been the name of a real person who was born during that event, or it is just the event itself personified.

The only question that is unasked and unanswered is why were there only three hearthstones? David did mention the Aztec Sun Stone at the INAH museum which he claimed is only the emblematic hieroglyph of the Fifth Sun. He did not consider dates since there seemed to be a different story with the glyphs on the stone.

In the Google blog: Stars of Tamoanchan, the Secret of the Aztec Sun Stone is explained The Blog was written as the Four Ages of the Sun for a good reason.  There are only three Ages of the Sun on the Aztec Sun Stone. Fourth Age is actually the first age; and One became the last Age. These two ages are noted by INAH as having 676 years, and the other the middle, of Tlaloc and his wife, Chalchiuhtlicue have two numbers that  add up to 676 ([Tl]364 + [Ch] 312= 676 years) (the confirmation of number of years for each "square Age" can be found in The History of the Mexicans as told by their Paintings. by Henry Phillips, Jr (1883, 8). Tlaloc produced the rains of “Resin” or “Turpentine” while his wife, who extinguished the fires with her “flood of water.”

Therefore, we are now living in the Age of the Fourth Sun, not the Fifth.  It is all Astronomy, Climatology, and Geology. The History as told in the Popol Vuh and other manuscripts should be re-evaluated.

We can return to David Stuart’s theory of dating, but that would take another long session of writing,  I think the Creation of the World, was what he was looking for, it is there for the taking.


The matching numbers can be found in a book called Xi You Ji, in the first two columns of its Introduction. Da Vinci’s square within a square is a Chinese character translated as “He who returns.” the Huihui or those from the Middle East.

Once the dates are corrected away from the 819 year correlation, one might find the exact European sequence as the Comet came three times and dropped a major stone in each of the three locations.