Conflicting Essays in scholarship which have been the most engaging research job I have ever done. I have also added, over the years, queries about our "dated" geology with their "computerized" confirmations together with climate changes denied since 1963. The Ten-O'clock News have been telling us to change our clocks for DSL and back again BUT no one as noticed it has been changed, more than a few years ago, from March 31 and October 31, to a week or so earlier or even a week or so later.

Saturday, June 30, 2012

Tlaltecutli- - New Iconography

Tlaltecutli : Her New Iconography
 and a New Name: Coyolxauhqui

Coyolxauhqui, the torn-apart Moon Goddess
also known as Tlaltecuhtli, the Blue Star

      It was not until 2004 that I began to explore the Popol Vuh as a history book before I even looked into José Castillo-Torre's history about Hunab Ku, the father of all men, that I read anything relative to the humanity of Pacal of Palenque, other than his birth, accession to the throne or his death and maybe a battle or two. The dates were taught by the professors, but no history other than what the epigraphers were able to decipher from the glyphs in those early days.

      Two glyphs appeared around 2002 when I attempted to paraphrase the West Panel of the Temple of the Inscriptions in Tom Jones class during the Maya Meetings, in Austin, Texas. Joel Skidmore came by and gave us the translation of O-12 and P-01 as: God I threw the heart of the Death God into the Sea. It shocked me to hear that translation because I had just seen it in the Madrid Codex: a Death Bundle with the bells of the Death God around his neck, upside down (falling is to be assumed here).

     It was not until much later, I discovered Mary Miller's and Karl Taube's Dictionary of the Maya Gods, and read about Tlaltecutli, who was torn apart by the twins (Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, in this instance, or the Maya Twins Hunahpú and Xbalenqué) The Popol Vuh. changed the arms and legs of the Aztec Moon goddess Coyolxauhqui into Tlaltecutli and finally to the metal eye decorations of Seven Macaw's Eye and his Turquoise [Blue] Teeth. They were then replaced with white kernels of maize, thus making him/her a benign star ever after.

      One other glyph was also at the bottom of the panel, I read it as: the Lake of Moon [Texcoco] next to the volcano Popocatepetl. However, what it referred to in the story of the glyphs, I have no idea. Nevertheless, the Lake of the Moon at the rim of the volcanic lake was as clear and concise as glyphs are supposed to be.

      The Aztec Tlaltecutli has other names in the Mesoamerican world. The names are never cognates that may or may not be the original god or goddess; even though their individual descriptions are so alike that their tales can be seen as the same story as the visual representation of Coyolxauhqui discovered in the Templo Major in Mexico City.   Mary Miller and Karl Taube's, (1993, 167) verbal description of Tlaltecutli (below) matches the visual stone picture of the Moon Disk (Above)
"One grasped the right hand and left foot and the other took the left hand and the right foot; they squeezed Tlaltecuhtli, until they had rent her body asunder. After they had taken one-half away to the sky, other gods descended to the earth to console her.
      "Although represented in the sculpture of Mayapan, Tlaltecuhtli, cannot be located in Classic Maya Art and her origins remain obscure." (See Miller & Taube, p. 167)  Especially since she was venerated in the Aztec temple as Coyolxauhqui as a Mixtec goddess. Except for her name, the gory details of her flaming birth was left out because the codex was so badly deteriorated at the bottom edge, little else could be determined.

       Even so, it is the story that Alfonso Caso, (1976, 263) described, in the Mixtec Bodley Codex, her exact location in the sky. Her location in the Burning Tree, her birthplace.  Nevertheless, Alfonso was able to discover her name, Tlaltecuhtli, a Mixtec [and/or an Aztec] goddess, not a Maya at all.

       The complete story of marriages, children, husbands, and sundry other relations, include the dynasty of Tilantango; Black Mountain; a split mountains; the Seven Caves, Bundle or Stone with a hole; a monkey born from a rock; the Tlaloc Wall; the Burning Tree of Tlaltecuhtli's birth. All these items are within Laminas 25 thru 29. And all appear refer to the main astronomy noted in the Popol Vuh, even  the "rock" (p. 35) [as was once tossed by Xbalenqué] at the turtle hanging over the ballcourt, or even in the world myths that are found to refer to the births of miraculous gods born from rocks; i.e Huiitzilopochtli of the Aztecs; and Su Wu Kong of China, each was born in or on  a Flower/Fruit Mountain, Mithras of Persia, Su Wu Kong of China; again each was born from a similar egg of Stone,just as found in the Peruvian temple for a Peruvian star god, etc.

       Without investigating other myths around the world, any star information is completely lost to the magical, and mythical stories of strange gods, or animals who accomplish stranger deeds that any human or animal could do in real life. Hence, the story immediately becomes a myth and no one even considers the very important earth and sky event hidden in those magic happenings.

     According to Alfonso Caso, there is also an interpretation of two dates once thought to be a simple matter of different calculations between the Aztec and the Mixtec historians in the Nuttall, the Bodley and the Vindobonensis [6-II). But since all three codices refer to years both before and after the date of the murder of 12 Lizard and 12 Vulture by 9 Grass "Skull" in otherwise proper sequences, Alfonso Caso still had his doubts and determined that particular interpretation as "untenable."

     He did not say that it was an error, or that it should be investigated more thoroughly; he just inferred that those dates might need further investigation. In 1976, his  Interpretations of the Codices were sufficiently detailed for scholars to search out the various dynastic rulers, their marriages, births and deaths of their children, accession to their thrones; gods, goddesses, some important stars or planets, because it was felt that the codices were only dynastic records of previous rulers. It was also accepted that the glyphs were only short notes about those dynastic rulers.

     With the advent of NASA's Hubble Satellite Telescope, old stars that had been moved across the sky [during the second ball game of the Twins in the Popol Vuh], can now be appreciated. There are at least five nebulae that should be evaluated for their distinctive characteristics that are mention and/or illustrated in the extant codices and monuments of Mesoamerica.

Friday, June 22, 2012

Compiled 202 Maya Sites

1.      ABJ  Abaj Takalik
2.      ACN  Acanmul
3.      AGC  Aguas Calientes
4.      AGT  Aguateca
5.      ALH  Altun Ha
6.      ALM  Altamira
7.      ALS  Altar de Sacrificios
8.      AML  La Amelia
9.      AMP  EI Amparo
10.    ANL  Anonal
11.    BLK  Balakbal
12.    BFK  Bonampak
13.    BUL  EI Baul
14.    BVJ  Benque Viejo
15.    CAY  EI Cayo
16.    CCL  Chocola
17.    CDR  EI Cedral
18.    CHB  Chacchoben
19.    CHL  EI Chal
20.    CHN  Chichen Itza
21.    CKL  Chinkultic
22.    CKM  Chochkitam
23.    CLB  Chilib
24.    CLK  Calakmul
25.    CML  Comalcalco
26.    CMT  Comitan
27.    CMU  Chichmul
28.    CNC  Cancuen
29.    CNH  Chinaha
30.    CNK  Chinikiha
31.    CNT  Cenotillo
32.    CNZ  Chunhuitz
33.    COB  Coba
34.    COL  Collections, public or private
35.    COZ  Cozumel
36.    CPC  Chiapa de Corzo
37.    CPL  Chapayal
38.    CPN  Copan
39.    CRB  EI Caribe
40.    CRC  Caracol
41.    CSB  Consacbe
42.    CTP  Chuctiepa
43.    CVL  Cival
44.    CZP  EI Chicozapote
45.    DBC  Dzibilchaltun
46.    DBN  Dzibilnocac
47.    DPL  Dos Pilas
48.    DZL  Dzilam
49.    DZT  Dzitbalche
50.    EKB  Ek Balam
51.    ENC  EI Encanto, Peten
52.    ESP  La Esperanza
53.    ETZ  Etzna
54.    FLD  La Florida
55.    FLS  Flores
56.    FNC  Finca Encanto
57.    GQT  Guaquitepec
58.    HIG  Los Higos
59.    HLK  Halakal
60.    HLL  Halal
61.    HNT  Huntichmul
62.    HRZ  La Honradez
63.    HTZ  Hacienda Hotzuc
64.    ICC  Ichmac
65.    ICL  Ichmul
66.    ICP  Ichpaatun
67.    IKL  Ikil
68.    ITB  Itzimte-Bolonchen
69.    ITN  Itzan
70.    ITS  Itsimte-Sacluk
71.    IXH  Ixtelha
72.    IXK  Ixkun
73.    IXL  Ixlu
74.    IXZ  Ixtutz
75.    IZP  Izapa
76.    JAI  Jaina
77.    JMB  Jimbal
78.    JNT  Jonuta
79.    KAB  Kabah
80.    KAX  Kaxuinic
81.    KJU  Kaminaljuyu
82.    KNA  Kana
83.    KNK  Kanki
84.    KYL  Kayal
85.    LAB  Labna
86.    LAC  Lacanha
87.    LAG  Lagunita
88.    LBT  Lubaantun
89.    LGP  Laguna Perdida
90.    LOL  Loltun
91.    LPM  Lopez Mateos
92.    LTI  Lashtunich
93.    MAR  La Mar
94.    MCA  La Muneca
95.    MCW  Mountain Cow
96.    MLC  Mulchic
97.    MLP  La Milpa
98.    MLS  Muluch Tsekal
99.    MNC  Mario Ancona
100.  MNG  Managua
101.  MPN  Mayapan
102.  MQL  Machaquila
103.  MRD  Mirador
104.  MRF  Miraflores
105.  MRL  Moral
106.  MTL  Motul de San Jose
107.  NAR  Naranjo
108.  NAY  La Naya
109.  NCT  Naachtun
110.  NKM  Nakum
111.  NPT  Nohpat
112.  OAG  Ojo de Agua
113.  OKP  Okop
114.  OXK  Oxkintok
115.  OXL  Oxlahuntun
116.  OXP  Oxpemul
117.  PAB  EI Pabellon
118.  PAL  Palenque
119.  PCL  Pechal
120.  PCR  Pasion del Cristo
121.  PCT  La Pochitoca
122.  PDR  Padre Piedra
123.  PIX  Pixoy
124.  PLM  EI Palmar
125.  PMB  Pomona, Belize
126.  PMT  Pomona, Tabasco
127.  PNG  Piedras Negras
128.  PNH  Panhale
129.  PNT  Pantaleon
130.  POL  Polol
131.  PRS  EI Paraiso, Yucatan
132.  PRT  EI Porton
133.  PRU  EI Peru
134.  PSD  La Pasadita
135.  PST  Pestac
136.  PUS  Pusilha
137.  PVR  EI Porvenir
138.  QRG  Quirigua
139.  RAM  Rio AmariUo
140.  RAZ  Rio Azul
141.  RBC  Rio Bec
142.  RMC  Rio Michol
143.  RTR  EI Retvo
144.  SAL  Salinas de los Nueve Cerros
145.  SAY  Sayil
146.  SBL  Seibal
147.  SCM  San r.lemente
148.  SCN  Sacchana
149.  SCU  Sacul
150.  SEP  Santa Elena Poco Uinic
151.  SIS  Sisilha
152.  SLM  San Lorenzo, Campeche
153.  SLS  San Lorenzo, Chiapas
154.  SRC  Santa Rita Corozal
155.  SRX  Santa Rosa Xtampak
156.  STN  Santoton
157.  TAM  Tamarindito
158.  TBI  Hacienda Tabi
159.  TCK  Tohcok
160.  TEN  Tenam Puente
161.  TIK  Tikal
162.  TLA  Tila
163.  TLT  Telantunich
164.  TMN  Teleman
165.  TNA  Tonina
166.  TNL  Tonala
167.  TPX  Topoxte
168.  TRS  Tres Islas
169.  TRT  EI Tortuguero
170.  TSL  Tayasal
171.  TUL  Tulum
172.  TUN  Tunkuyi
173.  TZB  Tzibanche
174.  TZC  Tzocchen
175.  TZD  Tzendales
176.  TZM  Tzum
177.  UAX  Uaxactun
178.  UCN  Ucanal
179.  UKM  Ukum
180.  UOL  Uolantun
181.  UXL  Uxul
182.  UYM  Uaymil
183.  XCA  Xcocha
184.  XCK  Xcochkax
185.  XCL  Xculoc
186.  XCR  Xcoralche
187.  XKB  Xkombec
188.  XKM  Xkichmook
189.  XLM  Xcalumkin
190.  XMK  Xmakabatun
191.  XNC  Xnucbec
192.  XTL  Xutilha
193.  XUL  Xultun
194.  XUP  Xupa
195.  YAX  Yaxchilan
196.  YLC  Yalcabakal
197.  YLT  Yaltutu
198.  YUL  Yula
199.  YXH  Yaxha
200.  YXN  Yaxuna
201.  YXP  Yaxcopoil
202.  ZAP  El Zapote

Sunday, June 17, 2012

Another view of an Eclipse of the Moon

     In K-1398 of Justin Kerr's 1998 Vase Books, there is a view of "God L pleading with the Night Sun who is hiding the Rabbit behind him. Barbara MacLeod (2011: 234) then suggests that God L and "the Night Sun are separate entities who complement one another as alternating rulers of the Underworld." Likewise, she adds that the name Bolon yokte' can be read as "nine wooden basal supports." Her suggestion that this name refers to the underworld pantheon of the ninefold deities. (IMS Explorer, M. J. Grofe, 2012: 3, 5  &  6)
The Summer Triangle [upper right] as the north sees it turned -90 degrees south of the Equator.

     There are two things that can be suggested here.  The Nine Wooden Basal Supports could be considered to be the nine constellations that exist near and within the spiral [basal] energy of our segment of the Milky Way,. These stars can be seen in the southern part of our world as the opposite of our winter season, i.e. the  constellation of the Northern Cross (aka the Summer Triangle or Cygnus, the Swan) turned -90 degrees from our familiar summer-time view, as photographed for Bauer and Dearborn in their (1995: 106 ) book Astronomy and Empire in the Ancient Andes.

     The upper rulers led by the "Sun deity" show us our primary constellations on the northern side, not of the face of the spiral.  It would be, instead,  our own lop-sided world view of the higher or lower edges of that spiral that we face as the earth spins in its 23.5 degree north to 23.5 degree south spin during the orbit of the earth around the sun. 
     The rabbit [in the moon] who is hiding behind the Sun deity, is just another view of, what a full eclipse of the moon in the night skies. God L would then be begging the Night Sun (who is covering that moon) to please go home to the daylight side of the earth and give the world back the moon. Do not take it away because humans need the light it sheds during the night.

     Although this may appear to be nonsense, just think in terms of the native world who may have been frightened by the lose of moonlight, so they would ask God L to plead for them, the return of the Moon in its full glory. The intercession of a god or two is very helpful in allaying one's fears when the end result is not immediately known.

Thursday, June 7, 2012

The Double Comet and Tlaloc, as the Great Star

The Double Comet and Tlaloc as the Great Srar
     Another Aztec photography from the INAH Museum in Mexico City.  A monster of horror [are they skulls across his back and tail, probably so. It is blowing on the remnants of a conch shell trumpet used for certain ceremonies during the year.  Above his head are two types of star forms, One is very prominent with the face and fangs of Tlaloc, the blue god of rains that brought fire to the earth.

     The other border iconography may represent the twin comet, since the monster below is blowing on a conch shell trumpet of death [indicated by the dripping blood and the strange cut-out design of the shell itself]. There are also a row of white icons along the back and tail of this sky monster with a very strong, but general, impression of death, or skulls.

     Comets and meteorites have been recorded with the sounds of a roaring wind, described by a gentleman in Australia, as a "bull-roarer caused by swinging a gasoline-soaked rag on a stick very fast around one's head." The sound is frightening to the uninitiated, who have seen meteorites in the sky, but never had one pass close enough that they could hear such sounds.

     A year or so ago, our northwest coast had such a noisy comet or comets in Oregon and southern Canada. The sound and the light from the comet[s] seemed to be 100's of modern transformers exploding all at once.  Since it was before dawn, people were awakened by the light even when their blinds were shut tight. House animals "fled to their masters' bedrooms and crept under their beds; children thought it was Tyrannosaurus Rex walking the earth, like the movies; even the adults were frightened of the noises that came from the "conch shell," but only the moaning, roaring noises;  definitely from something no one had ever experienced previously.

     The newspapers only mentioned it once or twice, while the TV News did the same. Once it was explained as a comet that came too near the earth, no one thought much about it, except to say, "It was a little too close for comfort, but thank Heavens, it did no damage and no one got killed."  The people all went on with their lives. In the olden days, when there were no radios, TVs or other types of rapid communications, other than word of mouth, it became an event to tell their grandchildren, who were in awe of the tales their grandparents told around the fire during the long winter nights before sleep came. 
     Embellished with other words and a great variety of actions, the tale spread from one to another until it became a part of a great epic adventure with no official history to verify it. Anything that might have been historic was pushed into the background as fears of primitive underworlds, or as "prophecies" about the end of the world.  Such is the world we live in.

Tuesday, June 5, 2012

The Potent Hand - The Meteorite Shower

A Mural of the Hand and the Meteorite Shower
at the INAH Museum in Mexico City.
     A mural I photographed at the INAH Museum in Mexico City a long time ago. I saw the Hand as something extremely important, but could never figure out why. Linda Schele told me that the hand has may uses, so it is an improbable research project. There is no way to determine what its actual use is in any glyph. Yet on the stelae and monuments, glyph texts portray the hand in many different functions. They specifically are not in the process of cooking or using the metatls for grinding. There was some other purpose intended.

     The "Hand" is represented on many stelae and many other monuments and wall murals. When they are collected into what is called a "corpus" or dictionary of glyphs, many of the hands seem to be portraying the same thing.  So the "hand" is given a name in one dialect and many times is used as a segment of a spelled out word. It can be compared with the word "cover" which with prefixes and suffices create such words as: un-cover, dis-cover, re-cover, cover-able, cover-up, etc.

     Here, the hand is thought to be sowing seeds, but does the interwoven border tell us that it is a sky event?  It is as if to say that it referred to the whole sky, not just the sky seen over the Americas,  I wondered why a sky event would be considered as "sowing seeds." The larger items below do not refer to the milpas so important to the Aztecs, the Maya, the Mixtec, or any of the other smaller tribes found in North, Central or South America.

    Do the four tlan glyphs [appearing as teeth might] indicate a "place" in the sky?  Its  iconography over the two hands, the four items below them and toward the right appear to be small blue stars.  However, the picture is small and the time it was taken was long ago. The feathers that are drooping over to the right of the two hands. Feathers indicate"fire" in Aztec symbolism and if, at times, used within the Mesoamerican glyph corpus. If the "two hands" are indicating humans on earth, when the fire rained down from the sky, so be it. The single "Hand" is stellar. The artist, by reason of his own humanity, wanted to portray the role of man in the great meteorite shower of fire from the sky.

     Since that time, I have written three books about the Popol Vuh; the Creation myth of the [Maya] World. The Aztec Ramirez Codex has a similar story, with the blue-cloaked Huitzilopochtli finally established as a main god. He was the patron of the emperors who were crowned with a blue diadem, and enthroned in a ceremony that included blue colored cloaks, emblazoned with rat bones that indicated their pure blood lineage.

     With the histories of the emperors written into the codex-manuscripts that were burned in Mexico City and in the Yucatan, there are only few memories of their conquests or failures, while the omens that gave them the power to rule were destroyed with those manuscript.

     During the third version of my attempts at explaining the Popol Vuh,  I felt that I should examine the constellations once more time. I was given a huge volume called The Glorious Constellations, by an Italian author, [not the same Italian who drew the map of Texcoco in 1538], but a more modern one named, G. Sesti, who authorized his tome in Rome, Italy. One of the items in his book was a peg-board of the gods, the constellations, the months, and the days.

     It was surprising to me that the Romans created this peg board with only 30 days for each month. The board appeared to be a calendar using such pegs to indicate, the god, the constellation, the month and the day of the year for the working people to know how long it would be before they could celebrate the end of the year, or a more simple explanation, when they could stop work when their work duties were over after so many days.

     When I returned to the book for recheck my impression of the black dots in the different categories of gods, constellations, months, or days, I noticed that the knife in the neck of a bull being killed by the Persian god Mithra, has drops of blood under it, even though it was in the process of being buried in the neck up to the hilt. That did not make any sense at all. Rivulets of blood flowing from the gash in the neck would be more appropriate.
An off-center knife by the ear of the bull
portrayed as a Hand with a thumb and two fingers and a hole under the wrist.
     Then I noticed, behind the nose of the bull,  under a tree there was a long tube of metal was similar to those used by an ancient gunner shown with this early "canon" tube in the book by de Sprague, called Ancient Engineers. Strange, why a primitive canon/gun? The god was using a knife to kill an animal that could have gored the man/god at his side. But then it is just a picture, or is it?
A primitive "gun" or ....?

     NASA had put out some beautiful nebulae on the web and I was fortunate that they were available. The first thing I found was in an astronomy school book. It had all the appearances of a knife with the hand-guard, but it was only a artist's rendition of what has been seen. It was called a "bi-polar jet." A knife in the sky, impossible, I thought and I laughed it off. Yeah, just like the astronomer guys to do something like that.

       A bit later, the cinnabar covered skull with an open mouth, identified as NGC 7000;  came out just about the time a rose-like view of the Ring Nebula also emerged on the web. Last but not least what NASA called the "Hand of God." the thumb and two fingers standing up and the ring and little fingers folded down. 

NASA'a Hand of God
Seen only by the Hubble Satellite Telescope
Chandra -ray Observatory via Greenwich Observatory of England.
     The blue gaseous "Hand" was pointing to a oval of red gaseous star forms, that I found later to also have been recorded as a perfect ring in two instances, one the Nuttall Codex and another time in a small painting of 1516. The two pictures below are two native native versions of that Hand.

  As for the "bull's head" in front of the metal tube?  Could it be an ancient telescope instead? How could this tube under a normal tree see something in the sky that only the Hubble can see now?
     The Maya and the Mixtec saw the above versions of the sky Hand. Eric Thompson first mentioned the hand of god his book Maya Hieroglyphic Writing, [that I found on page 132 of the 1971 fourth printing of the third edition of his book.]
 "An association which brings together death or sacrifice, stone knife, and hand is to be found in the Yucatec name for the knife which is:  u kab ca (ku0  or "the Hand of God. (Scholes and Adams, 1938, 1:42)"
     It was not discovered until the Hubble Space Telescope found the nebula that they actually named "The Hand of God."  It was a few months later that I found that this nebula could be found in the constellation Compass located near the South Pole over the Pacific Ocean. The strange part about the Maya and Mixtec information was that this nebula was seen by them in the center of the sky. It may be a further view of the Summer Triangle that was discovered in Peru, to be 90 degrees to the left (of a viewer), with Vega, its brightest star at the top.

     North of the Equator Vega is to the right of the Milky Way within the constellation Lyra. while Deneb is at the top of that triangle created by Vega, Altair [in Aquila] and Deneb as part of the Northern Cross.***

     Nor did it make any sense at first until the lowered trajectory of the comet [Hunahpú] and Stela 22 of Izapa are taken into consideration as actual records of the fact that the sky did change its position even though the earth's orbit stayed the same except fot the extra days added by the earth's new lopsided spin.

     The Persians saw the NASA version with an insignificant telescope that today would be a useless item if compared to our great observatories.  Charlemagne in his Chapel also created a ceiling with the Hand of God surrounded by angel wings, similar to that of Cacaxtla. The Maya "square" symbol with the feet around it, probably indicates the path where this nebula was seen around the square world that they were aware of in the Yucatan.

      The question then remains, are the above "Hands" also part of the stories that the Maya glyphs are portraying on the various stelae around Mesoamerica?  Is it part of the story of the Popol Vuh and the birth of the Twin comets (called Hunahpú and Xbalenqué) which passed through the mouth as spittle from the father's skull, as NGC-7000 located near Deneb and part of the Summer Triangle?

     It appears to be almost the complete story of the virgin mother [called Blood Moon] who conceived the Twins from the spittle of the dead father in the tree (where NGC-7000 is located in the Milky Way). The Maya apparently were able to track the comet from the source of the meteorites that fell from the wrist of the "Hand of God" and sped through the mouth of NGC-7000, arriving as the mythical "magic net" bag that held so much corn for Blood Moon, that the grandmother of the Twins had to accept her as a daughter-in-law, even though the father had died.

     Was Blood Moon, not the moon, but the great eye, decorated with metal, of Seven Macaw who also had turquoise teeth, both of which were eventually removed as debris from the dying star, now called the Ring Nebula located near Vega in the constellation Lyra. How was ir done? Most certainly NOT by aliens from Outer Space. Then, how many years, centuries or eons ago was our earth in a position to see such stars?  Only the glyphs will be able to tell us when and why. They may even give us the proper Maya date.  (See the Map of Tezacoalco, it appears to have the name of the astronomer attached to the trajectory of the comet???)

Sunday, June 3, 2012

The Creation of the World

The story of the Creation of the World, is not the Creation, as much as it is about the re-Creation of civilization, after along session in the caves, where food and other supplies gave out within a short time. in spite of rationing..
The disaster is mentioned by most cultures around the world and these versions indicate that many people were destroyed during that time.

In the Mesoamerican world, the Ramirez Codex, might have more information about this re-creation of the world, than realized. The short version is by Phillips, Jr. H.   (1883)  History of the Mexicans as Told by Their Paintings Translated and edited by Henry Phillips Jr. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society XXI:616-651, 1883. (edited  for FAMSI by Alec Christensen)

Also one might want to read the beginning of Goetz -  Morley's and Goetz -  Recino's versions of the Popol Vuh before a decision is made about when it occurred..

The "making of the dawn" actually comes before the birth of the last sun; the one that Tedlock heard from his translator "that is not like the sun that you see."   The next element was the journey of the remaining tribes. The Aztec version of the migration was placed in the  
Tira de la Peregrinación (Migration Scroll); (from the original manuscript: Codex Boturini,ed.) 
 with Huitzilopochtli  giving directions from a bundle on the back of a priest who was leading the group.

The presence of Huitzilopochtli only means that the comet of the Twins of the PV or the Aztec version of Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl already occurred. Huitzilopochtlli is just a fragment of the Xolotl part of that double comet that had magnetic properties. Otherwise, Huitzilopochtli could never have "spoken"  to the priests who led (even the Zuya) pilgrims away from the seven caves and Curl Mountain as is shown in the Codex Boturini

The Mexicans were the first to use the magnet, not China. But that is another story that is so convoluted that it is possible only to identify Flower/Fruit Mountain and the stone egg (and of the rapid actions [fluttering of the hummingbird image] of Huitzilopochtli).