Friday, March 27, 2015

Ketu: The Serpent with a Star Head

Draco or Ketu serpent with star head
The  star, Draco, as the star head of a sky serpent, is an astronomy entity, that also wears the name of Ketu, who became Vishnu. 

However, Shiva, the serpent of fire, with a magic disk, battled with Ketu, and split him into two elements of the sky.

It seems that as two elements of the sky, he was the broken tree where, Vega, a neighbor to a flaming nova, resided. There was a shift of our magnetic north, and Draco was no longer our North Star beacon. 

Shiva, as the serpent of fire, sped on his way, unconcerned with the turmoil in the sky. He had other things to attend to. The fires he sent out from his third eye, when his wife playfully covered his two eyes, were causing havoc with his earthly domain. It had to be rectified quickly.

Quick he patched the star tree, upside down to  the roots of the northern tree and visited a small domain, he had discovered when he slipped through a narrow mountain pass on the other side of the sea before he succeeded in connecting the star trees. It was a bit crooked but it was sufficient to create a beautiful road from pole to pole.  Then he returned home to his wife. He told her he had dedicated the beautiful new roadway to her because he wanted her to remember that his care of the world was his main work. The road was for her to plant roses so her flowers would bloom with perfume. Thus she became busy with the flowers and Shiva could take cae of the earthlings.

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Three Great Waves


A Rocky Coast, in an Unknown Land
A map is not only a map, it can carry more information than expected. The Gronland Map by S. Stefansson, is one such map. It was found in another book entitled The Vineland Map and the Tartaar Relation. Plate XVII: Map of the North, Royal Library, Copenhagen, Denmark.[1]
The Vineland Map and the Tartaar Relation.
Plate XVII: Map of the North Sea,
Royal Library, Copenhagen, Denmark.
I found this map and consider it another map that contains anti-political (of the time it was created) rendition of an older map or maps, that once was in the cartographer's possession. In actuality is a sea map that shows the countries in a certain latitude near the main area of Greenland. However, the west coast appears to have Baja California and a section of the east, that includes the Yucatan, the Gulf of exico and Florida.  It is a simple procedure of putting land where there is sea water and lake water instead of the islands which are so obvious.

It is a very crude rendition of the North American Continent, but a description of Karlfin Porfinni in an earlier voyage, to somewhere, described the fishing weirs of the Aztecs in Lake Texcoco comparing the nets used to catch fish with threshing poles of his homeland because of the clacking sounds [very like the swinging threshers] were so clear to him. The crystal mountains, Popocatepetl and Ixtacuihuatl, forever covered with snow were mentioned. He also described a fish that I saw on the Gulf in an estuary behind the beach: a baby manta ray, very small, covered with sand with only its eyes showing.

Greenland (Gronland) has a strange story of three super waves that once inundated the land. Ireland also has a strange historical statement: that of a monk in an isolated cliff side monastery who claimed to have seen the sea on fire.

Now such a sea fire could have been a sailing ship sent out as a flaming funeral pyre which was common in the 11th century AD, however, such can never explain the three huge waves that hit Gronland, [Greenland] so many previous eons ago or even in later centuries.

After the time the Vinland book was published, Nature Magazine ran a research paper about the off-shore oil rigs in the North Atlantic Sea by co-authors: Lubonir F. Jansa, and  Georgia Pe-Piper, [my correspondent in 1987] [2].

"Extraterrestrial," as a word, was popular during that year.  A California researcher, had just discovered that an iridium layer was the reason that all the huge prehistoric creatures of the swamplands near rivers were wiped out. Jansa and Pe-Piper's paper also mentioned that a 0.22% layer of iridium was identified in the concentric craters near the oil rigs. Concentric, means having a common center, a common occurrence with a multiple meteorite fallout.

Now between Ireland [3] and Nova Scotia, there were the three huge waves of water that inundated Greenland (Gronland). In Ireland---the moonk'a name was Saint Columkile---a name as fake as the Greenland map.BUT the map is NOT a fake, it just has more information in it than one would expect from a time when people knew little about cartography, and books as we know them were rare.

The name of the monk is not fake either, nor was the name Rosault It actually tells about the column of water that killed, first the fish in the sea, then the birds in the air and finally men and beasts on the land. The manuscript, the Book of the Dun Cow and has such myths about rare beasties.

The beastie serpent of the sea had three more names: beast, piast and nathir [serpent].  A name for each of its journeys out of the great well.  Another tale, was about the fairy palaces under the sea that were ablaze with lights, gems and gold. It seems to me that the monk was corrext in saying the "sea was on fire." when the water serpent rose from the depths of the ocean.

Of course, the whole world recovered that big splash into the North Atlantic Sea and all was forgotten. The survivors were too busy trying to restore their homes and farmlands.

What? There were survivors who needed to restore their homes and farmlands? How ridiculous! The iridium layer was dated  more or less 65 million years ago. And humans did not appear on the earth until 25 million years ago. 

Yet, there are many tales around the world about a great blue star in the sky that was self-destructing just as a pair of comets passed by. The comets picked up the debris when that star exploded and carried much of it to earth.[5]  The complete story, with dates[6], can be found in the Maya highlands. There are many monuments there---and other places in the world---that tell of the turmoil in the skies besides a detailed history of the event.

The waves in the seas that roared inland and covered the mountain tops have been recorded there also. Tsunamis? Before such inundations were even identified and named? There is no record? Yet the Cretaceous era of Geology on land has never been accurately dated.

So which ancient history can verify, or at least relate to such destruction? 

A more recent  tsunami the 27th of July 1998, had a schoolgirl quesstion a University of Ssouthern California volunteer geologist and he was bothered a bit by it. She asked why the sea was on fire? He could give no answer, because Water does not burn. He assumed it wwas the dinoflagelletes that had been disturbed by the force of the tsunami.  she was obviously imagining things.

But what if Saint Columkille of Ireland;  the Greenland three wacves were real;; the CEPC research; and the girl survvivor at Papua, NG were correct and the sea had been on fire because of a huge meteorite that hit the water, a distance from the islands?  It is really something to consider, I thuink.
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1  Skelton,  R. A. et al.  (1965) The Vineland Map and the Tartar Relation. Yale University Library, New Haven: Yale Printing Press. Plate XVII: Map of the North, Royal Library, Copenhagen, Denmark.

2  Jansa, Ludonir, F. [1]; Georgia Pe-Piper [2] (1987) First Impact Crater of an Extraterrestrial Body  into the Ocean Identified;^ [1] Geological Survey of Canada Bedford Institute of Oceanograhphy, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia and [2] Department of Geology at St. Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

3  Joyce, P. W. (1908) A Smaller Social History of Ancient Ireland. Second Edition, Dublin: Long mans Green and Company.

4  Iridium University of California. Department of Geology.

5  Miller, Mary, and Taube, Karl  (1993, 167) The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya. London: Thames and Hudson, (See Tlaltecuhtli).

6  Urquidi, D. M. (2010) A Ten-Sun Day, Lulu.com Printing.  [Dates are on the stelae; but not in this book. A list is of many of the dates are in an unpublished (2003) Maya Stelae  (375 sites) with rulers separated with their individual dates..


Saturday, December 6, 2014

A Kachina Called "Chasing Star"

Chasing Star with his mask is always identified by the great blue star face. He carries a yucca whip in his hand. The whip is to threaten small laughing  children, quite harmless, but it does sting a little if and when it connects to a child's bare skin, which is not very often during the fun times during the Hopi celebration. He also carries noisy bells that announce his presence.

Chasing Star also has a companion, a sort of a "jester" who helps him with the clamouring children around them, The mask that hides his face helps him to have
a voice change, so no one knows who he is.

However, the  Blue Star on the mask is strange and many people can not explain  why this clown is so much fun for the children. No one seems to have any memory
of its significance.  Their tales of creation give no clue as to any meaning since no
one has ever seen a "blue" star in their life time.  Stars in the the desert skies are always like brilliaint diamonds, especially early in the morning just before dawn when the sky is the darkest.

The isolation of the Hopi on the mesas during the government control during the 17th and 18th centuries and the schooling by the Great White Father, helped to create a new empty space in the memories of tribal lore.

One must travel the world of books to find the blue star that truly rocked the world. However, if one would begin with the Hopi prophesies one can find the answer. The Hopi Elders devised the same methods as did the Europeans during the Dark Ages: Place the information in the wrong place and make it visible to all.

There are nine prophesies and eIght of them are actual historical events. The eighth is the atomic bomb. The  ninth is the information about the BLUE STAR. It is the only one that is an actual past event verified by traditional lore in many different cultures and inferring that it was a very real future threat to the world.

The Blue star was once a nova that is now called the Ring Nebula.  Before it expanded and exploded it was just like the Toddler Star in the McNeil Nebula today.  At first, it was a normal white star. After it started to age, it became brighter than the moon and just as impressive. It finally changed color again and became the "magical" Blue Moon.

The Toddler Star that NASA found in the McNeil nebula is now a red Star. It eventually became the color oF Aphrodite's odd blue ichor that came from a wound in her wrist. Just ass the red color of the Toddler Star that has as it s north and south poles, two bright blue areas, will get hotter and hotter, the Blue heat inside will cover both hemispheres of the star globe.

Amazingly enough, there is another nebula in the sky that is a hand with a short arm section, that not only shows such a dark area in the wrist. It is part of the constellation Circinus called The Compass.   It was even painted into a picture by Holbein during the time of St. Thomas More.  I have for a long time believed that Saint Thomas was deliberately done away with because he had learned about the blue imagery of power.

Since the Turkish Empire grew in strength during the Middle Ages, at the time when the Blue Star was to be replaced----about the time after the Crusades----because it had become a very strong symbol of power, Since research on the Iliad woecifically noted that the Nausikia part of the story may have been a recent addition, I got curioous about the word ICHOR and actually found the word KOR in Turkish.  There was a translation school in Baghdad also had complained bitterly that many Syrian and Greek texts that they were able to copy, were badly in need of repair.

The "excuse" made the way for other languages to be inserted into texts that meant little to the Syrians or Greeks, but we're able to tell future readers that it the manuscript came from a later century. I.E. Spanish"Hay de mi"  was made into a short Greek phrase ("Egw de mi."* and if put into English, it is, "I de me!") in the Odyessy when after the shipwreck, Odysseus found himself without clothes [naked] in front of Nausikia, a beautiful maiden who came down to the water to wash clothes.

What does KOR mean?  It translates as "red hot cinders" comparable to the rain of resin or turpentine that was recorded in the Popol Vuh as falling from the skies in
Mayalands. "Red hot cinders" that appeared to come from a nebula that looked like a hand of God with a bleeding wrist but only if you look at NASA's presentation of the "  "Hand of God."

 The problem with research is that when one discovers tales that just might refer to astronomy, the immediate responose is what do the natIves know about astronomy. There is no doubt that because native equipment that was not technical as we not understand the word "Technical"  was "inferior" to better equipped cultures and s.o.o.o far distant from that information, everything is placed into the "invalid" and "improbable," File 13. therefore, nothing was important enough to implement except as a superficial guess, if anything was said about it at all.

Astronomy, howver, IS universal and the native information is many times much more explicit than official documentation. Such is the case with the Hopi prophecy number nine. Number Nine Prophecy should be read as Number One, sincd it was the beginning of the new Civilization of the Americas. it  actually is in agreement with Peru's of the main god asking for an extention of time to buid the city of Cuzco after the winds of the land swept all is his ceatons away each time.  He was given one day.  Hebrew, on the other hand was given one night.
__________________
*   I remember twenty or thirty years ago that I saw the Greek as  "Egw de me", and I did quite a bit of research on it within the three languages I know well.
I could have confused the spelling but not the pronunciation.ed "ai"  as "egw" but I cannot find either phrase now in the Greek.
The three languages were somewhere----- one based only on one written phrase----- as the pronouciation and may well be in the Iliad itself.
I will have to search both books but it will take a while. A Greek version on the computer would be appreciated, but it also can be tampered with. The hand-written version can be conpromised easily enough as it is. With a computer version it is even easier.

Friday, November 14, 2014

The Re-complied Mardid Codex: Another Mysterious Codex









In most of the old religions of the world, there are two items that stand out. One is a blue star. The other is a golden sun:  more  brilliant than  the sun we see every day. This sun is noticable as the sun around the head. That of a god, is usually shown as a blazing halo.

In  the XV through the XVI centuries there were known to be 72 different  names for those gods. [We were a very small world at that time]. By the time the 1700's arrived, the color blue had been partially replaced by the color associated with witchcraft, i.e. black!

However, the color blue had a very strong hold on people around the known word. The Hagia Sofia, the Blue Mosque , was named after it. The Hawaiian goddess, Uri, was  called the  "Mother of all Creation." The sparkling blue robe of Guai Yin and the blue cloak of Maria were also semi-associated with it.

Yet, the missionaries did their work well in Hawaii so URI, the  "Mother of all Creation " became ULI, the evil sorceress of thel Black Night.

During the years that followed the Conquest of Mexico, Sahagùn began a translation of the Florentine Codex. It told the world about the "gods" of México and many of its customs. It also told the details about the Great Star which h happened to be the Blue Star, but few were aware of the cross- referencing between Aztec lore and the Popol Vuh.

Since the Maya were the great hold - out and did not get "conquered until approximately the seventeenth century,"  no one really cared. With Linda Schele and Michael Coe, together with the photographs taken by Justin Kerr of the Maya Vases, the Maya Meetings and the Mixtec cultures became much more active.  

In the meantime  Professors Leon Portillo,  J. Soustelle, Mary Miller, Karl Taube, and Susan Milbrath worked a bit harder on Aztec astronomy. It seemed that all cultural and astronomical problems had been covered. Then Mèxico decided to have new Metro tunnels dug for the underground rail system. Two items turned up: the Moon disk, not quite as large as the Sun disk, and later, a panel of a goddess called Tlaltecuhtl, with fragments of blue paint on her body.
  1. Miller, and Karl Taube had a description of this goddess that matched the moon disk goddess of the torn-apart body, Coyotlxauhquiu. The moon disk was not a painted piece so she was identired differently from Tlaltecutli. She became the star daughter of Coatlicue.
Coalicue became pregnant by a magical ball of feathers that she had found.  Her star-daughter accused Coatlicue of being indescrete and she declared that her mother should be killed. Tlaltecuhtl seems to have covered a lot of the Maya Popol Vuh. Even to the ball games in the sky by  Hunahpù and Xbalenquè, and in the Madrid Codex.

The Popol Vuh maybe, but never in the Madrid, you say?  Really?

On pages 112 to 103 of the Madrid Codex several things are visible:

One:    The Great Star ìs blaźing in the sky;

Two:    The Rain of Resin [or the Rain of Turpentine] is falling;

Three:  The Wooden Manikins are being carved  [pp. 102-100] and

Fòur:    A series of mummies are being prepared for burial. [pp. 99-96]  
             Tribes, maybe?] Here also, on page 96 is the splitting of the tree, the
             Milky Way. The Twins  rise into the sky as the  new section of the
             Via Lacta.

Five:     More death panels, more people dying without proper burials.[p. 95]
              Tlaltecuhtl loses her head, etc. On the following page, other sky
              ladies come down with their sky baggage to comfort her. A sky lord
              of the night or a storm god gets a great thunder rattle to announce
              her arrival on the earth.

The Popol Vuh is well covered even though the rest of the Madrid pages may be altered even more to accommodate the  church mandates. Both secular law and ecclesiastical dogmas were tampered with at that time.

Are there any bees in the heavens; no, of course not. Then think bees and what they do, or what they feel like when they sting a person. It is more logical.

Sunday, November 9, 2014

Another Post-Gregorian Codex: The Dresden!

The Dresden Codex has been worn to shreds; solely because of everyone's insistence that the planets Venus and Mars (according to Immanuel Velokovsky's 1950 book,Worlds in Collisions. The impossible, but very romantic explantion of two planets crossing over into Earth's orbit, captured even the careful, reasoning of many professionals.
Fig. 01a: Gates D-47
Fig. 01b: Forstemann D-47
    Even so, there seems to be an never-ending attempt to explain the mathematical discrepancies found in the Dresden, especially those associ-ated with the planet Venus table.
      Each version, supposedly better than the first, second or later, multiple versions have tried to solve these irritating problems. However, no one has suceeded, except in very general terms. None of the discrepancies found in the Codex have been properly solved, except fhrough very complex tables and graphs that were probably never an option to the original authors of the Codex
        The Dresden is a ancient codex that has glyphs that are difficult to make out due to deterioration and coloration of the original. There are some copies that were made earlier that seem to correct several areas of importance, such as [Fig. 01-a-b] and for the Planet Tables of Venus and Mars.

De Landa, Friar Diego de Landa whose original manuscript was writen in 1566, was the first person in the Yucatàn to use the Gregorian Calendar and teach the natives the newly determined months of the Maya Calendar System. They were there shortly after de Landa's manuscript was written in 1573. The year bearers, at tht time, were
to be Kan, Muluc, Ix, Cauac. (de Landa, p. 60.)

Also de Landa wrote that the first day of the year was [now] One Imix which normally fell on July 16th. This day sign was also the first day of the [new] month Popp. (p. 68).

William Gates, on the other hand, only mentioned One  Imix, as being foound in the Madrid Codex. His main comment was about which was a date, which required 6 tuns and 2 uinals to complete or tie up the count of 9.9.16.0 as the desired 9.9.16.0.0 or 4 Ahaw 8 Cumhu.

Linda Schele did several translations of the text above in Fig. 01.beginning with the words "tied to the East."  The word "East" appears to be in error.since all cometc are born in the "land of the dead" in the west, not the east. whIch is graphically illustrated by skeletal figures in two instances . One was the skull of the father of the twins,and the second was the Dresden pages above with the skeletal god of the underworld sending the twins to Good Moon, the proposed mother-to-be of the twins.

It is obvious that  the Land of the Dead in the west is implied by the skeletal figures.
It does imfer that the "Dresden Codex" another "doctored" Codex  to be deciphered even more carefully than those that are obviously falsified.
_________________________________________________
Castillo-Torre, Josè, (1955) Port la Señal de Hunab Ku, Reflejos de la Vida de los Anitguos Mayas, Mèxico D.F: Liberia de Manuel Porrùa. and, (Translated with Notes, by William Gates)  New York: Dover Publishing Inc.

Edmonson, Munro S. (1988) The Book of the Year: Middle American Calendrical 9Salt Lake City, Utah, University of Utah Press.

Gates, William, (1932) An Outline Dictionary of Maya Glyphs, With Author, Studies Studies" reprinted from The Maya Society Quarterly, New York: Dover Publishing, Inc.

Förstmann  (1972 ) Codice de Dresde, Mėxico, D. F.: Fondo de Cultural Economica, S.A.

Schele, Linda and Grube, Nikolai, (1997) Notebook for the XXIst Maya Hieroglyphic Workshop, The University of Texas at Austin.

Thompson, J. Eric, (1972) Comomentario al Codice de Dresde, Libro de jeroglfos mayas,  (Traducción de Jorge Ferreiro Santana; Revisiòn de Lauro Josè Źavala) Mèxico, D.F.: Fondo de Cultural Economica/Mèxico.

Villacorta, Carlos A. y Villacorta, C., J. Antonio, (1930) Maya Studies #3, Drawings of the Pages and  Commentary in Spanish, Laguna Hills, California: Aegean Park Press.



Saturday, November 1, 2014

The 364-Day Calendar in the BORGIA CODEX

The Borgia Codex begins with eight pages of the Gregorian "trecena" count, without the proper format of the Maya version.

First page of the Borgia Trecena attempts
The partially destroyed  copy from Dover Pubications has an interesting story behind it.  And very serious doubts as to its origins. The story put out by the Vatican was that the children of the servants, were playing games and the Borgia manuscript accidentally fell into the fire.

However, if only one would change the symbols of the politically correct church language into church hierarchy, one might find that the servants are the "children" of the "Papa" [the Pope] who had told his children, [the servants], to burn the manuscripts [the codices] of the "heathens."  And, in their simple faith, picked up the recently delivered Borgia Codex.

The Holy "Father," realizing, his mistake immediately, recovered the new, slightly singed manuscript from the fire.
The last page [8] of the Borgia calendar
The monks who created this calendar form, knew about the trecena  calendar of its creator, D. Veladèz, who may have engraved it in 1551, or Fray Francisco de las Navas [Cogs or Wheels] himself, who became the new owner of that calendar in 1551.

Although the Handbook of the Middle American Indians,  Vol. 14, Part Three, (1975), claimed the VEYTIA  calendar was a true "Native" manuscript, a recent informant told me that any Spanish surname that ends with the letter "Z" is that of a Jewish person; an engraver of this type of calendar.  On that basis, and the fact that a monk obtained the calendar, possibly in 1551, he may have been considered a heretical prisoner of the Inquisition. His calendars were published later by the monk, Fra Francisco de la Nava, in 1584. Whether Veladez was alive at that time or not was not known by the editors of the Handbook!

Even so, the Borgia  Codex did create a 364 day calendar, that emphasized the 260-day ritual  calendar of the Meso-Americans, with tiny feet to indicate the missing day[s] for the 365-day year. The missing elements here, are the 104 days that are also to be counted in the top and  bottom  borders.

On a whim, I decided to check the Chineze 60-year calendar. I had  never been able to unravel the method they had used for their calculations. When I discovered that the Borgia did not have any definitive sequence that included the accepted year bearers, I thought it odd.

The Chinese calendar jogged my memory a bit. I recalled that they had used five names for one phase of their calendar calculations: the five words were  metal, wood, fire, water and earth,  Because the twelve animal month names were nearby, both the Aztec and the Chinese calendars made sense.  Five times twelve equaled the sixty year cycle.

Returning to the Borgia, I resumed my search for sequential names in the five glyph column of the ritual calendar. None appeared, so I returned to Sylvanus Morley's 1956 book. I only found a four-glyph set, similar to the Maya group. The Aztec version reads: Knife, House, Rabbit and Water.

However, no proper year bearer sequence, neither four glyphs nor five appeared within the eight calendar pages. There were only the tiny feet to say that the calendar could  not accommodate the full 365 days in the 260/364 layout.  Even so it was an impressive attempt to ignore the Gregorian months while still following the new 365-day year.

As for the subsequent pages of "god" groups, except for the pages defining the sun, moon, the Great Star of Sahagùn and the butterfly event, that includes the "venus" attributes, the majority of the pages were overdone with what Linda Schele would call a "spaghetti-syndrome." Apparently they were created to impress but had no useful information. I will leave this to those enjoy peering into a morass of reptitive data that contains multiple names for similar god-entities throughout the codex. 

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

The Source of the Gregorian Trecena


The "Useless" MADRID Codex
The Source of the Gregorian Trecena

By D. M. Urquidi
VEYTIA calendar 1551
  1. Astronomy class at Teotihuacàn
I am of the opinion that in order to understand any  calculation, calendar or ordinary mathemtics, one must go to the source. Such a process is slow and laborous, but in the end, it can prevent errors made from assuming an equation that does not exist.

Floyd Lounsbury's whole premise for the Maya calendar in his 1976 calculations were dependent upon the concept that a tr = 13 x 2 = haab  was supposed to be a ritual time of 260 day.

When it fact, it is only half a year of 26 weeks.   Two x haab = 52 weeks which was never used in the old Maya calenders. The problem is that there were no month designations in the 360 calendar.

The Maya astronmers then decided to use the older 360 day year for their own comfort and to help the older generations to understand the Christian changes that were emerging.    

They decided to create a Distance Number for the descrepances between the solar/lunar cycles that came about when the destructive comet soared across the skies; henceforth. making it easier for the uneducated to accept such changes in their life style..

Such Distance Numbers were then used to revise many of the old dedicatory inscriptions. It may well be the reason that broken stelae were, at times, buried under a temple or palace structure.

Since the Maya New Year was created by the Gregorian, as an aid for the European Conquistadores to understand the Maya Calendar, 1-Imix  became the equivalent to 8 February while 0 Pop corresponded to July 26. The Gregorian was then given to the Meso-American trbes in 1584, some thirty [slow] years after its creator died in 1551.

As a result, many are searching for the original 0 Pop [4 Ahaw, 8 Cumhu] thinking the month was invented by the Native Maya, when, in fact, it was part of the post-Conquest, laws and restrictions put upon Meso-Americans by the Church. 

No year was given; only that it was the second journey of the sun in the Latitude 19 degrees and 42 minutes.  In that way, the seasons were finally restored to their proper sky locations for the astronomer-priests and the farmers.

The MADRID  Serpent Calendar pages
* * * * * * * *
 Above is a paste-up of the eight Serpent calendar pages in the Madrid Codex, which I  believe  to be of the real "native" Codex, which, starts not ends, at page 112 since the Madrid begins with the presence of the great star of Sahagùn and continues on to tell the story of the "rain or even of resin"  [or "of turpentine"] together with the story of the wooden manikins. It continues to relate more of the Popol Vuh. The calendar itself was a complete failure, as a Gregorian example, but does show how the Maya used their own calendar systems.

Here, however, here the Serpent Pages have a different role.   It shows us just how the Maya really counted their days in their calendars.: Four, five or even six down and the necessary day glyphs across to  complete the twenty days of the first set; slip the top glyph of the second set of days to the bottom of each column [as shown after the first green line in the top section above]; repeating the transfer of the top glyph to the bottom of each column for every 20 day-monh.  In this manner each month changes at the same time but no column passes any information to its neighbors. It recreates a repeating ring of glyphs in each column  and in that manner fill out the necessary 360 day calender. 

The caveat here is that each subsequent 20 day column reacts like the one-armed bandits  "cherry rings" of Reno or any other gambling establishment. The columns put the top glyph at the bottom, until the first  glyph (Ik) ends at the bottom its own column in the fourth set of twenty days.
The four, five,or six glyphs of each column set will then begin the whole process all over again.

It is a very difficult thing to learn after being so accustomed to doing the count of the days the easy way. The trecena has continued in our own calendars since the Gregorian  calender was created. All one has to do is count one to thirteen for every Saturday. 

When the week is split into two months, then the week carrying the number thirteen  belongs to the Saturday, not to the Sunday of that week, even if it is part of the next week, month or even the next year, as often happens after a Leap year. 

With the decision of the astronomer-priests to retain their 360 day/year calendar system, every effort was made to have the new 365 day calendar comparable to their own 360-day calendar. In order to do that, they apparently shaved one or two days off the bottom of their calendar to fill in the new 52 weeks schedule. But they failed, as can be seen on the last section above. The two Kimis [in yellow] found there, was probably their way of telling others that the 52 week calender failed.

The question will be does one only add one day per week, or was it more than five days to the Native pre-conquest weeks.

tr         The trecena or 13 weeks having 4 days per week for 20-days each month for                  52 weeks in a haab. Such a process was NEVER used by the older Maya        
             calenders.  [Four days per week did not work to complete a 52 weeek cycle.                    (See historical note about Fra Francisco de la Nava under Veytia Calendar 1975                 edition of HMAI, IV, III p. 230.)

v          The veintena. Or the twenty day count should begin with Ik, and end with Imix
            since Imix was the GREGORIAN adjustment as the FIRST DAY of any new year
            in the Maya calendar.

             Ik (1), Akbal (2), Kan (3), Chicchán (4), Cimi (5), 
            Manik (6), Lamat (7), Muluc (8), Oc (9), Chuen (10), Eb (11), Ben (12),
            Ix (13), Men (14), Cib (15), Cabán (16), Eznab (17), Cauac (18), Ahaw (19),
            Imix (20)

tz         A day of the tzolkin which equals 13 weeks per season. 

         [I have separated the thirteen count into three year-segments of four-day columns. It is the year count 
           not the trecena count as assumed by some.  This just creates a proper agricultural process of: plant                the first year and leave the last two years to follow the first  As years to leave the mila as fallow                     ground. The last row of the trecena just allows the three assumed years to repeat itself.  Nevertheless ,           this attempt of four  days per week failed to create a 52 week calendar, as stated above.]

            Ik (1), Manik (6), Eb (11), Cabán  (16), Ik (1 +1),
            Manik (2), Eb (2), Cabán  (2)Ik (2), Manik (2+1)
            Eb (3), Cabán  (3), Ik (3),  Manik (3) Eb (3+1)
            Cabán  (4), Ik (4), Manik (4), Eb (4), Cabán (4+1)

            Ik (5), Manik (5), Eb (5), Cabán  (5), Ik (5 +1),
            Manik (6), Eb  (6), Cabán  (6)Ik (6), Manik (6+1)
            Eb (7), Cabán  (7), Ik (7), Manik (7), Eb (7+1)
            Cabán  (8), Ik (8), Manik (8), Eb (8), Cabán  (8+1)

            Ik (9), Manik (9), Eb (9), Cabán  (9), Ik (9 +1),
            Manik (10), Eb  (10), Cabán  (10)Ik (10), Manik (10+1)
            Eb (11), Cabán  (11), Ik (11), Manik (11), Eb (11+1)
            Cabán  (12), Ik (12), Manik (12), Eb (12), Cabán  (12+1)
     
            Ik (13), Manik (13), Eb  (13), Cabán  (13), Ik (13 +1)

M        Calendrical month  any one of 18 months. [Again, 0 POP was a Gregorian adjustment 
               to the Maya  alenderc year ] 
            Pop (1), Uo (2), Zip (3), Zotz (4), Tzep (5), Xul (6), Yaxkin (7), Mol (8),    
            Ch'en (9), Yax (10),  Sac (11), Ceh (12), Mac (13), Kankin (14), Moan (15),
            Pax (16), Kayeb (17), Cumhu (18), 
            [Wayeb (19) Floyd's Text], (If  month has only n1, n2, n3, n4, and n5, for the
             number of days in that month, If the year has 365 days, use Wayeb)],

d          day of the month, any one of the twenty days. Mod 19,  I.e. of 20 days in
            five weeks of four days each, [as found in the Madrid Codex on the Serpent
            Pages.] 

                    This list is different from the normal sequence.
            Ik (1), Akbal (2), Kan (3), Chicсhán (4), Cimi (5) Manik (6), Lamat (7),
            Muluc (8), Oc (9), Chuen (10), Eb (11), Ben (12), Ix (13), Men (14),
            Cib (15), Cabán (16), Eznab (17), Cauac (18), Ahau (19), Imix (20),

h          days of two haabs = 52 weeks = mod 360 days, [if 365, then Mod 365 +1=
             every 6th year = 366]

cr         day of calendar-round expressed in terms of coordinates tr, v, and h.
            [For example “6 Etznab 11 Yax”. Floyd's original text]
            {For pre-split mountain event found in the Bodley Codex, a 360 day-yer 
             calculation is necessary.]  

lc         date in the longcount: expressed in Maya numerals, usually of five places, of
            the following:
            n5, n4, n3, n2, n1, where n1 is the number of days in the kin position, n2 the
            number of winals, n3 the number of  tuns;  n4 the number of katuns, and n5
            the number of baktuns.

dn        distance number: (positive or negative) to be added to a give cr or lc or both;
             expressed as a Maya numeral, of any number of pieces. 

[The above definitions are just suggested changes to Floyd Lounsbury's original calculus statements.]

A  conclusion reached, is that, without searching for the beginnings of any theory, one should never assume such unknown numberss are useful, until all data pertaining to such artificial dating methods can be used in all phases of their calendar calculations.

 [See the Borgia Codex Calendar for the 364 day-year]